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A stochastic user equilibrium assignment model for congested transit networks

Author

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  • Lam, W. H. K.
  • Gao, Z. Y.
  • Chan, K. S.
  • Yang, H.

Abstract

This paper proposes a stochastic user equilibrium assignment model for congested transit networks, together with a solution algorithm. A mathematical programming problem is formulated, that is equivalent to the stochastic user equilibrium assignment model for congested transit system. When the transit link capacity constraints are reached, it is proven that the Lagrange multipliers of the mathematical programming problem are equivalent to the equilibrium passenger overload delays in the congested transit network. The proposed model can simultaneously predict how passengers will choose their optimal routes and estimate the total passenger travel cost in a congested transit network. Numerical examples are used to illustrate the applications of the proposed model.

Suggested Citation

  • Lam, W. H. K. & Gao, Z. Y. & Chan, K. S. & Yang, H., 1999. "A stochastic user equilibrium assignment model for congested transit networks," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 351-368, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:33:y:1999:i:5:p:351-368
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fisk, Caroline, 1980. "Some developments in equilibrium traffic assignment," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 243-255, September.
    2. Spiess, Heinz & Florian, Michael, 1989. "Optimal strategies: A new assignment model for transit networks," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 83-102, April.
    3. Mingyuan Chen & Attahiru Sule Alfa, 1991. "Algorithms for solving fisk's stochastic traffic assignment model," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 405-412, December.
    4. Bell, Michael G. H., 1995. "Stochastic user equilibrium assignment in networks with queues," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 125-137, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. de Palma, André & Lindsey, Robin, 2001. "Optimal timetables for public transportation," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 789-813, September.
    2. Lo, Hong K. & Yip, C. W. & Wan, K. H., 2003. "Modeling transfer and non-linear fare structure in multi-modal network," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 149-170, February.
    3. Zhi-Chun Li & William Lam & S. Wong, 2012. "Optimization of Number of Operators and Allocation of New Lines in an Oligopolistic Transit Market," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 1-20, March.
    4. Szeto, W.Y. & Jiang, Y., 2014. "Transit route and frequency design: Bi-level modeling and hybrid artificial bee colony algorithm approach," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 235-263.
    5. An, Kun & Lo, Hong K., 2014. "Ferry service network design with stochastic demand under user equilibrium flows," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 70-89.
    6. Wu, Di & Yin, Yafeng & Lawphongpanich, Siriphong, 2011. "Pareto-improving congestion pricing on multimodal transportation networks," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 210(3), pages 660-669, May.
    7. Kenetsu Uchida & Agachai Sumalee & David Watling & Richard Connors, 2007. "A Study on Network Design Problems for Multi-modal Networks by Probit-based Stochastic User Equilibrium," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 213-240, September.
    8. Chen, Kang & Yang, Zhongzhen & Notteboom, Theo, 2014. "The design of coastal shipping services subject to carbon emission reduction targets and state subsidy levels," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 192-211.
    9. Ying, Jiang Qian & Yang, Hai, 2005. "Sensitivity analysis of stochastic user equilibrium flows in a bi-modal network with application to optimal pricing," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 769-795, November.
    10. Jiang, Y. & Szeto, W.Y., 2016. "Reliability-based stochastic transit assignment: Formulations and capacity paradox," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 93(PA), pages 181-206.
    11. An, Kun & Lo, Hong K., 2016. "Two-phase stochastic program for transit network design under demand uncertainty," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 157-181.
    12. Poon, M. H. & Wong, S. C. & Tong, C. O., 2004. "A dynamic schedule-based model for congested transit networks," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 343-368, May.
    13. Zhi-Chun Li & William Lam & S. Wong & A. Sumalee, 2010. "An activity-based approach for scheduling multimodal transit services," Transportation, Springer, vol. 37(5), pages 751-774, September.
    14. Hamdouch, Younes & Ho, H.W. & Sumalee, Agachai & Wang, Guodong, 2011. "Schedule-based transit assignment model with vehicle capacity and seat availability," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(10), pages 1805-1830.
    15. Liu, Jiangtao & Zhou, Xuesong, 2016. "Capacitated transit service network design with boundedly rational agents," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 93(PA), pages 225-250.
    16. Hamdouch, Younes & Szeto, W.Y. & Jiang, Y., 2014. "A new schedule-based transit assignment model with travel strategies and supply uncertainties," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 35-67.
    17. Cats, Oded & West, Jens & Eliasson, Jonas, 2016. "A dynamic stochastic model for evaluating congestion and crowding effects in transit systems," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 43-57.
    18. Lam, William H. K. & Zhou, Jing & Sheng, Zhao-han, 2002. "A capacity restraint transit assignment with elastic line frequency," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 919-938, December.

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