The cell transmission model, part II: Network traffic
This article shows how the evolution of multi-commodity traffic flows over complex networks can be predicted over time, based on a simple macroscopic computer representation of traffic flow that is consistent with the kinematic wave theory under all traffic conditions. The method does not use ad hoc procedures to treat special situations. After a brief review of the basic model for one link, the article describes how three-legged junctions can be modeled. It then introduces a numerical procedure for networks, assuming that a time-varying origin-destination (O-D) table is given and that the proportion of turns at every junction is known. These assumptions are reasonable for numerical analysis of disaster evacuation plans. The results are then extended to the case where, instead of the turning proportions, the best routes to each destination from every junction are known at all times. For technical reasons explained in the text, the procedure is more complicated in this case, requiring more computer memory and more time for execution. The effort is estimated to be about an order of magnitude greater than for the static traffic assignment problem on a network of the same size. The procedure is ideally suited for parallel computing. It is hoped that the results in the article will lead to more realistic models of freeway flow, disaster evacuations and dynamic traffic assignment for the evening commute.
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Volume (Year): 29 (1995)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Michalopoulos, Panos G. & Beskos, Dimitrios E. & Yamauchi, Yasuji, 1984. "Multilane traffic flow dynamics: Some macroscopic considerations," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 18(4-5), pages 377-395.
- Michalopoulos, Panos G. & Yi, Ping & Lyrintzis, Anastasios S., 1993. "Continuum modelling of traffic dynamics for congested freeways," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 315-332, August.
- Horowitz, Joel L., 1984. "The stability of stochastic equilibrium in a two-link transportation network," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 13-28, February.
- Ansorge, Rainer, 1990. "What does the entropy condition mean in traffic flow theory?," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 133-143, April.
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