An assumption for the development of bootstrap variants of the Akaike information criterion in mixed models
This note provides a proof of a fundamental assumption in the verification of bootstrap AIC variants in mixed models. The assumption links the bootstrap data and the original sample data via the log-likelihood function, and is the key condition used in the validation of the criterion penalty terms. (See Assumption 3 of both Shibata [Shibata, R., 1997. Bootstrap estimate of Kullback-Leibler information for model selection. Statistica Sinica 7, 375-394] and Shang and Cavanaugh [Shang, J., Cavanaugh, J.E., 2008. Bootstrap variants of the Akaike information criterion for mixed model selection. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis 52, 2004-2021]. To state the assumption, let Y and Y* represent the response vector and the corresponding bootstrap sample, respectively. Let [theta] represent the set of parameters for a candidate mixed model, and let denote the corresponding maximum likelihood estimator based on maximizing the likelihood L([theta]|Y). With E* denoting the expectation with respect to the bootstrap distribution of Y*, the assumption asserts that . We prove that the assumption holds under parametric, semiparametric, and nonparametric bootstrapping.
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Volume (Year): 78 (2008)
Issue (Month): 12 (September)
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- Shang, Junfeng & Cavanaugh, Joseph E., 2008. "Bootstrap variants of the Akaike information criterion for mixed model selection," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 52(4), pages 2004-2021, January.
- Morris, Jeffrey S., 2002. "The BLUPs are not "best" when it comes to bootstrapping," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 425-430, February.
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