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The Maintenance of Masculinity Among the Stakeholders of Sport


  • Anderson, Eric D.


Feminist and hegemony theorizing are used to explicate how sport and its ancillary organizations and occupations have managed to reproduce its masculinized nature despite the gains of second wave feminism that characterizes the broader culture. The author shows that contemporary sporting institutions largely originated as a political enterprise to counter the first wave of feminism, and describe how gender-segregation and self-selection permits sports' gatekeepers to near-exclusively draw upon a relatively homogenous group of hyper-masculine, over-conforming, failed male athletes to reproduce the institution as an extremely powerful gender-regime. The author suggests that, because orthodox notions of masculinity are institutionally codified within sport, it will take more than affirmative action programs to bring gender equality off the pitch; it will also require gender-integration on the pitch.

Suggested Citation

  • Anderson, Eric D., 2009. "The Maintenance of Masculinity Among the Stakeholders of Sport," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 3-14, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:12:y:2009:i:1:p:3-14

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    Cited by:

    1. Alex Channon, 2014. "Towards the “Undoing” of Gender in Mixed-Sex Martial Arts and Combat Sports," Societies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(4), pages 1-19, October.
    2. Cunningham, George B., 2013. "Theory and theory development in sport management," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 1-4.
    3. Cunningham, George B., 2011. "The LGBT advantage: Examining the relationship among sexual orientation diversity, diversity strategy, and performance," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 453-461.
    4. Burton, Laura J., 2015. "Underrepresentation of women in sport leadership: A review of research," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 155-165.
    5. Kitchin, P.J. & David Howe, P., 2013. "How can the social theory of Pierre Bourdieu assist sport management research?," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 123-134.

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