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Critical and Ethical Thinking in Sport Management: Philosophical Rationales and Examples of Methods


  • Zakus, Dwight H.
  • Malloy, David Cruise
  • Edwards, Allan


Critical thinking is recognised as a necessary central competency of university graduates in a variety of professional fields. Many articles identify and expound on the need for critical thinking pedagogy allied with sound moral and ethical thought and behaviour. This paper seeks to identify the central aspects of critical thinking within the ethical conceptual terms of ontology, epistemology, and axiology for sport management pedagogy. Within the concept of axiology is the basis of ethical thinking and acting. We weave the discussion of critical thinking within an ethical basis toward practical pedagogical activities for developing and advancing critical thinking skills and abilities in sport management graduates.

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  • Zakus, Dwight H. & Malloy, David Cruise & Edwards, Allan, 2007. "Critical and Ethical Thinking in Sport Management: Philosophical Rationales and Examples of Methods," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 133-158, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:10:y:2007:i:2:p:133-158

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Edwards, Allan, 1999. "Reflective Practice in Sport Management," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 67-81, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Humphreys, Brad R. & Maxcy, Joel, 2007. "The Role of Sport Economics in the Sport Management Curriculum," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 177-189, September.
    2. Stewart-Withers, Rochelle & Sewabu, Koli & Richardson, Sam, 2017. "Talanoa: A contemporary qualitative methodology for sport management," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 55-68.
    3. Humberstone, Barbara, 2009. "Sport management, gender and the 'bigger picture': Challenging changes in Higher Education--A partial auto/ethnographical account," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 255-262, November.


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