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The international legal instruments in addressing piracy and maritime terrorism: A critical review


  • Hong, Nong
  • Ng, Adolf K.Y.


This paper critically reviews four international legal instruments in addressing piracy and maritime terrorism - UNCLOS, SUA, PSI and the ISPS Code. Piracy on high seas is currently becoming key tactics of terrorist groups - many of today's pirates are also terrorists with ideological bents and a broad political agenda. The intertwining of piracy and maritime terrorism poses substantial risks for global markets, understanding that much of the world's energy and cargoes being shipped through pirate-infested regions like Southeast Asia. Through investigating the contributions and limitations of the stated instruments, several constructive recommendations are offered to improve their effectiveness in controlling and deterring piracy and maritime terrorism from threatening the well-being of the maritime industries in the post-2008 world.

Suggested Citation

  • Hong, Nong & Ng, Adolf K.Y., 2010. "The international legal instruments in addressing piracy and maritime terrorism: A critical review," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 51-60.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:retrec:v:27:y:2010:i:1:p:51-60

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ho, Joshua, 2009. "Combating piracy and armed robbery in Asia: The ReCAAP Information Sharing Centre (ISC)," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 432-434, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paul Hallwood & Thomas J. Miceli, 2014. "Modern Maritime Piracy," Working papers 2014-01, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
    2. Woxenius, Johan, 2012. "Directness as a key performance indicator for freight transport chains," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 63-72.
    3. Yang, Zaili & Ng, Adolf K.Y. & Wang, Jin, 2014. "A new risk quantification approach in port facility security assessment," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 72-90.


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