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An instrumentation engineer’s review on smart grid: Critical applications and parameters


  • Bhatt, Jignesh
  • Shah, Vipul
  • Jani, Omkar


Conventional electrical grid is transforming into smart grid—an evolutionary solution to satisfy rapidly emerging and vibrantly changing requirements of utilities and customers by intelligently leveraging telemetry concepts of instrumentation and control engineering in form of communication technology network infrastructure. The paper presents analogy of ‘smart grid’ to ‘industrial process’ and ‘communication technology infrastructure’ to ‘instrumentation telemetry’. Automated Metering Infrastructure (AMI), monitoring and automation of substations, power network monitoring, Home Automation Network (HAN), Demand Response (DR) and integration of solar PV—have been identified as ‘Critical Applications’ and Reliability, Scalability, Interoperability, Congestion, Energy Efficiency, Latency and Security – have been identified as ‘Critical Parameters’. Review of recent works has been presented for each segment.

Suggested Citation

  • Bhatt, Jignesh & Shah, Vipul & Jani, Omkar, 2014. "An instrumentation engineer’s review on smart grid: Critical applications and parameters," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 1217-1239.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:40:y:2014:i:c:p:1217-1239
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.187

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    3. Köktürk, G. & Tokuç, A., 2017. "Vision for wind energy with a smart grid in Izmir," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 332-345.
    4. Alizadeh, S.M. & Ozansoy, C., 2016. "The role of communications and standardization in wind power applications – A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 944-958.
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    7. Wang, Ge & Zhang, Qi & Li, Hailong & McLellan, Benjamin C. & Chen, Siyuan & Li, Yan & Tian, Yulu, 2017. "Study on the promotion impact of demand response on distributed PV penetration by using non-cooperative game theoretical analysis," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 185(P2), pages 1869-1878.
    8. Reka, S. Sofana & Dragicevic, Tomislav, 2018. "Future effectual role of energy delivery: A comprehensive review of Internet of Things and smart grid," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 90-108.
    9. Sheikhi, Aras & Bahrami, Shahab & Ranjbar, Ali Mohammad, 2015. "An autonomous demand response program for electricity and natural gas networks in smart energy hubs," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 490-499.
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    11. Yang, Ting & Ren, Minglun & Zhou, Kaile, 2018. "Identifying household electricity consumption patterns: A case study of Kunshan, China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 861-868.


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