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Zoning strategies for marine protected areas in Taiwan: Case study of Gueishan Island in Yilan County, Taiwan


  • Lu, Shiau-Yun
  • Shen, Cheng-Han
  • Chiau, Wen-Yan


According to the United Nations (UN) Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, there has been a dramatic decline in global biodiversity. The UN has made a global appeal for all countries to mitigate their impact on the environment. Marine environmental protection is one of the most critical and urgent issues in the world and many countries have commenced establishing marine protected areas (MPAs) by implementing ecosystem-based management (EBM) concepts. MPA planning has been considered one of the simplest and most effective methods to protect marine environments. Taiwan has recently developed policies that have focused on its marine environment, and there are plans to increase the size of Taiwan׳s MPAs to 20% of its total ocean territory by 2020, thereby achieving a sustainable ocean. To achieve this goal, the government must address specific difficulties associated with the location of MPAs and relevant zoning strategies. This study establishes MPA protection principles and a zoning framework for MPAs in Taiwan by using Gueishan Island in Yilan County as a case study site to examine specific zoning strategies. The protection of 3 objectives (hydrothermal vents, cetacean, and fisheries resources) is discussed in this paper. Multi-criteria spatial analysis and a geographic information system are applied to identify the most crucial area to protect. To understand the stakeholders׳ opinions and concerns regarding the proposed zoning framework, this research conducted in-depth interviews with experts and stakeholders. MPAs zoning strategies are formulated at the conclusion of this study that could assist in protecting critical marine resources and avoiding conflicts among various usages of the marine area.

Suggested Citation

  • Lu, Shiau-Yun & Shen, Cheng-Han & Chiau, Wen-Yan, 2014. "Zoning strategies for marine protected areas in Taiwan: Case study of Gueishan Island in Yilan County, Taiwan," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 21-29.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:48:y:2014:i:c:p:21-29
    DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2014.03.001

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ban, Natalie C. & Hansen, Gretchen J.A. & Jones, Michael & Vincent, Amanda C.J., 2009. "Systematic marine conservation planning in data-poor regions: Socioeconomic data is essential," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 794-800, September.
    2. Gilliland, Paul M. & Laffoley, Dan, 2008. "Key elements and steps in the process of developing ecosystem-based marine spatial planning," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 787-796, September.
    3. Day, Val & Paxinos, Rosemary & Emmett, Jon & Wright, Alison & Goecker, Meg, 2008. "The Marine Planning Framework for South Australia: A new ecosystem-based zoning policy for marine management," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 535-543, July.
    4. Leleu, Kevin & Alban, Frédérique & Pelletier, Dominique & Charbonnel, Eric & Letourneur, Yves & Boudouresque, Charles F., 2012. "Fishers' perceptions as indicators of the performance of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 414-422.
    5. Douvere, Fanny, 2008. "The importance of marine spatial planning in advancing ecosystem-based sea use management," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 762-771, September.
    6. Crowder, Larry & Norse, Elliott, 2008. "Essential ecological insights for marine ecosystem-based management and marine spatial planning," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 772-778, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Estévez, Rodrigo A. & Gelcich, Stefan, 2015. "Participative multi-criteria decision analysis in marine management and conservation: Research progress and the challenge of integrating value judgments and uncertainty," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1-7.
    2. Jia, Ruru & Gao, Jinwu & Gao, Feng, 2022. "Robust ocean zoning for conservation, fishery and marine renewable energy with co-location strategy," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 328(C).
    3. Habtemariam, Bereket Tesfamariam & Fang, Qinhua, 2016. "Zoning for a multiple-use marine protected area using spatial multi-criteria analysis: The case of the Sheik Seid Marine National Park in Eritrea," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 135-143.
    4. Kertész, Ádám & Nagy, Loránd Attila & Balázs, Boglárka, 2019. "Effect of land use change on ecosystem services in Lake Balaton Catchment," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 430-438.
    5. de Castro, Mónica & Urios, Vicente, 2017. "A critical review of multi-criteria decision making in protected areas," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 16(02), January.

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