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Globalisation and de-regulation in the maritime industry


  • Alderton, Tony
  • Winchester, Nik


The development of the Flags of Convenience (FOC) system has had serious repercussions for labour as shipowners, in search of cheaper crews, have recruited 'crews of convenience' from developing nations. This paper examines the record of FOCs to analyse the effects of globalisation upon the working lives of seafarers. The method used will be to compare the regimes of FOCs, and this will be done by the analysis of a flag state conformance index (FLASCI) created by the authors, which utilises a large number of measures of a state's capacity to maintain and enforce a regulatory regime for the vessels flying its flag.

Suggested Citation

  • Alderton, Tony & Winchester, Nik, 2002. "Globalisation and de-regulation in the maritime industry," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 35-43, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:26:y:2002:i:1:p:35-43

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    Cited by:

    1. Mitroussi, Kyriaki & Arghyrou, Michael G., 2016. "Institutional performance and ship registration," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 90-106.
    2. Miller, Dana D. & Sumaila, U. Rashid, 2014. "Flag use behavior and IUU activity within the international fishing fleet: Refining definitions and identifying areas of concern," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 204-211.
    3. Sangeeta Sonak & Mahesh Sonak & Asha Giriyan, 2008. "Shipping hazardous waste: implications for economically developing countries," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 143-159, June.
    4. Castillo-Manzano, José I. & López-Valpuesta, Lourdes & Pérez, Javier J., 2008. "Economic analysis of the Spanish port sector reform during the 1990s," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(8), pages 1056-1063, October.
    5. Morrissey, Karyn & O'Donoghue, Cathal, 2012. "The Potential for an Irish Maritime Transportation Cluster: An Input-Output Analysis," Working Papers 148836, Socio-Economic Marine Research Unit, National University of Ireland, Galway.


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