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Environmental management of ports and harbours -- implementation of policy through scientific monitoring


  • Wooldridge, Christopher F.
  • McMullen, Christopher
  • Howe, Vicki


Recent legislation aimed specifically at protecting the marine environment has had a direct impact on the environmental management of port and harbour operations. Effective implementation of suitable policies requires options and responses based on scientific data derived from appropriate technology and methodology. UK ports, operating under an increasingly European regime in terms of legislation, have responded to the environmental challenge through a series of organisational and research initiatives. Fundamental to the notion of sustainable port development is the ability to characterise environmental performance through appropriate monitoring and mapping protocols. Monitoring, the systematic and repeated measurement of the direct or indirect effect of our activity or contaminant on the environment, can play a crucial role in verifying implementation of port policy and evaluating the effectiveness of the management option. Aspects such as adherence to specific regulatory standards, investigation of pollution trends, provision of research data, measurements for the development of standards and early warning of critical changes in certain parameters are all facilitated by an appropriate monitoring protocol. The long established techniques of monitoring physical and chemical parameters to assess environmental quality are increasingly being supplemented by ecological monitoring programmes. By mapping marine habitats with their associated communities and species, the vulnerability and sensitivity of the habitats to port operations can be found and biological indicators such as the occurrence of particular species, species richness and diversity indices can be identified to assist decision making on environmental protection issues.

Suggested Citation

  • Wooldridge, Christopher F. & McMullen, Christopher & Howe, Vicki, 1999. "Environmental management of ports and harbours -- implementation of policy through scientific monitoring," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 23(4-5), pages 413-425, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:23:y:1999:i:4-5:p:413-425

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Burton, Peter S., 2003. "Community enforcement of fisheries effort restrictions," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 45(2, Supple), pages 474-491, March.
    2. Parzival Copes, 1999. "The Need for Balance in Canada's Fisheries Policy," Discussion Papers dp00-09, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University, revised Feb 2000.
    3. Benchekroun, Hassan & Van Long, Ngo, 2002. "Transboundary Fishery: A Differential Game Model," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 69(274), pages 207-221, May.
    4. Ebbin, Syma A., 2002. "Enhanced fit through institutional interplay in the Pacific Northwest Salmon co-management regime," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 253-259, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vassilis Stelios Tselentis, 2008. "Marina Environmental Review System: A methodology to assess environmental management in recreational ports," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1-2), pages 47-56.
    2. Walker, Tony R. & Bernier, Meagan & Blotnicky, Brenden & Golden, Peter G. & Hoffman, Emma & Janes, Jeffrey & Kader, Allison & Kovacs-Da Costa, Rachel & Pettipas, Shauna & Vermeulen, Sarah, 2015. "Harbour divestiture in Canada: Implications of changing governance," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1-8.
    3. Asgari, Nasrin & Hassani, Ashkan & Jones, Dylan & Nguye, Huy Hoang, 2015. "Sustainability ranking of the UK major ports: Methodology and case study," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 19-39.
    4. Fani Sakellariadou, 2013. "Evaluation of Anthropogenic Pollution in Harbour Areas," International Journal of Maritime, Trade & Economic Issues (IJMTEI), International Journal of Maritime, Trade & Economic Issues (IJMTEI), vol. 0(1), pages 59-66.
    5. Kuznetsov, Andrei & Dinwoodie, John & Gibbs, David & Sansom, Mark & Knowles, Harriet, 2015. "Towards a sustainability management system for smaller ports," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 59-68.


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