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Score test for a separable covariance structure with the first component as compound symmetric correlation matrix


  • Filipiak, Katarzyna
  • Klein, Daniel
  • Roy, Anuradha


Likelihood ratio tests (LRTs) for separability of a covariance structure for doubly multivariate data are widely studied in the literature. There are three types of LRT: biased tests based on an asymptotic chi-square null distribution; unbiased/unmodified tests based on an empirical null distribution; and unbiased/modified tests with a test statistic modified to follow a theoretical chi-square null distribution. The Rao’s score test (RST) statistic, an alternative for both biased and unbiased/unmodified versions of the corresponding LRT test statistics, is derived for a common case. In this paper the separability of a covariance structure with the first component as a compound symmetric correlation matrix under the assumption of multivariate normality is tested. For this purpose Monte Carlo simulation studies, which compare the biased LRT to biased RST, and unbiased/unmodified LRT to unbiased/unmodified RST, are conducted. It is shown that the RSTs outperform their corresponding LRTs in the sense of empirical Type I error as well as empirical null distribution. Moreover, since the RST does not require estimation of a general variance–covariance matrix (the alternative hypothesis), RST can be performed for small sample sizes, where the variance–covariance matrix could not be estimated for the corresponding LRT, making the LRT infeasible. Three examples are presented to illustrate and compare statistical inference based on LRT and RST.

Suggested Citation

  • Filipiak, Katarzyna & Klein, Daniel & Roy, Anuradha, 2016. "Score test for a separable covariance structure with the first component as compound symmetric correlation matrix," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 105-124.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmvana:v:150:y:2016:i:c:p:105-124
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmva.2016.05.009

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sean L. Simpson & Lloyd J. Edwards & Martin A. Styner & Keith E. Muller, 2014. "Separability tests for high-dimensional, low-sample size multivariate repeated measures data," Journal of Applied Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(11), pages 2450-2461, November.
    2. Mitchell, Matthew W. & Genton, Marc G. & Gumpertz, Marcia L., 2006. "A likelihood ratio test for separability of covariances," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 97(5), pages 1025-1043, May.
    3. Magnus, Jan R. & Neudecker, H., 1986. "Symmetry, 0-1 Matrices and Jacobians: A Review," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(02), pages 157-190, August.
    4. Magnus, J.R. & Neudecker, H., 1986. "Symmetry, 0-1 matrices and Jacobians : A review," Other publications TiSEM c1c491d0-f2bf-4de1-94f8-3, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    5. Engle, Robert F., 1984. "Wald, likelihood ratio, and Lagrange multiplier tests in econometrics," Handbook of Econometrics,in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 13, pages 775-826 Elsevier.
    6. Lu, Nelson & Zimmerman, Dale L., 2005. "The likelihood ratio test for a separable covariance matrix," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 73(4), pages 449-457, July.
    7. Roy, Anuradha & Leiva, Ricardo, 2008. "Likelihood ratio tests for triply multivariate data with structured correlation on spatial repeated measurements," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 78(13), pages 1971-1980, September.
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