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On a dimension reduction regression with covariate adjustment


  • Zhang, Jun
  • Zhu, Li-Ping
  • Zhu, Li-Xing


In this paper, we consider a semiparametric modeling with multi-indices when neither the response nor the predictors can be directly observed and there are distortions from some multiplicative factors. In contrast to the existing methods in which the response distortion deteriorates estimation efficacy even for a simple linear model, the dimension reduction technique presented in this paper interestingly does not have to account for distortion of the response variable. The observed response can be used directly whether distortion is present or not. The resulting dimension reduction estimators are shown to be consistent and asymptotically normal. The results can be employed to test whether the central dimension reduction subspace has been estimated appropriately and whether the components in the basis directions in the space are significant. Thus, the method provides an alternative for determining the structural dimension of the subspace and for variable selection. A simulation study is carried out to assess the performance of the proposed method. The analysis of a real dataset demonstrates the potential usefulness of distortion removal.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhang, Jun & Zhu, Li-Ping & Zhu, Li-Xing, 2012. "On a dimension reduction regression with covariate adjustment," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 104(1), pages 39-55, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmvana:v:104:y:2012:i:1:p:39-55

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ye Z. & Weiss R.E., 2003. "Using the Bootstrap to Select One of a New Class of Dimension Reduction Methods," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 98, pages 968-979, January.
    2. Harrison, David Jr. & Rubinfeld, Daniel L., 1978. "Hedonic housing prices and the demand for clean air," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 81-102, March.
    3. Li, Bing & Wang, Shaoli, 2007. "On Directional Regression for Dimension Reduction," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 102, pages 997-1008, September.
    4. Damla Şentürk & Hans-Georg Müller, 2009. "Covariate-adjusted generalized linear models," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 96(2), pages 357-370.
    5. Zhu, Li-Ping & Zhu, Li-Xing & Feng, Zheng-Hui, 2010. "Dimension Reduction in Regressions Through Cumulative Slicing Estimation," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 105(492), pages 1455-1466.
    6. Heng-Hui Lue, 2004. "Principal Hessian Directions for regression with measurement error," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 91(2), pages 409-423, June.
    7. J. Fan & J.-T. Zhang, 2000. "Two-step estimation of functional linear models with applications to longitudinal data," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 62(2), pages 303-322.
    8. Liping Zhu & Tao Wang & Lixing Zhu & Louis Ferré, 2010. "Sufficient dimension reduction through discretization-expectation estimation," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 97(2), pages 295-304.
    9. DAMLA ŞENTÜRK & HANS-GEORG MÜLLER, 2005. "Covariate Adjusted Correlation Analysis via Varying Coefficient Models," Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, vol. 32(3), pages 365-383.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhang, Jun & Gai, Yujie & Wu, Ping, 2013. "Estimation in linear regression models with measurement errors subject to single-indexed distortion," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 103-120.
    2. Zhu, Xuehu & Guo, Xu & Lin, Lu & Zhu, Lixing, 2015. "Heteroscedasticity checks for single index models," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 136(C), pages 41-55.
    3. Zhang, Jun & Li, Gaorong & Feng, Zhenghui, 2015. "Checking the adequacy for a distortion errors-in-variables parametric regression model," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 52-64.
    4. Zhang, Jun & Zhu, Li-Xing & Liang, Hua, 2012. "Nonlinear models with measurement errors subject to single-indexed distortion," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 1-23.
    5. Zhang, Jun & Feng, Zhenghui & Zhou, Bu, 2014. "A revisit to correlation analysis for distortion measurement error data," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 116-129.


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