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How and when is social networking important? Comparing European expatriate adjustment in China and Turkey


  • Wang, Xiaoyun
  • Nayir, Dilek Zamantili


Social interaction has been demonstrated to be a main predictor of expatriate adjustment. However, the impact of social interaction on expatriate adjustment may vary for those in different cultures. Contextual factors, such as geographic proximity and cultural differences between the home country and the host country, may have a significant impact on the expatriate adjustment process. The current paper singles out the above contextual factors by comparing European expatriates in China and in Turkey. European expatriates in China (n = 61) and Turkey (n = 69) were surveyed to explore the different patterns of social interactions (personal network and support), and the impact of these on the psychological well-being of the two groups. The empirical evidence gathered by the current study will delineate these differences and similarities and their impacts on the expatriates' psychological well-being in these two host countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Wang, Xiaoyun & Nayir, Dilek Zamantili, 2006. "How and when is social networking important? Comparing European expatriate adjustment in China and Turkey," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 449-472, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intman:v:12:y:2006:i:4:p:449-472

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Scullion, Hugh & Brewster, Chris, 2001. "The management of expatriates: messages from Europe?," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 346-365, January.
    2. Harzing, Anne-Wil, 2001. "Of bears, bumble-bees, and spiders: the role of expatriates in controlling foreign subsidiaries," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 366-379, January.
    3. Tung, Rosalie L., 1998. "American expatriates abroad: From neophytes to cosmopolitans," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 125-144, July.
    4. Ansgar Belke, 2004. "Turkey and the EU: On the costs and benefits of integrating a small but dynamic economy," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer;German National Library of Economics;Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), vol. 39(6), pages 288-292, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bader, Benjamin & Schuster, Tassilo, 2015. "Expatriate Social Networks in Terrorism-Endangered Countries: An Empirical Analysis in Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 63-77.
    2. Piekkari, Rebecca & Welch, Denice Ellen & Welch, Lawrence Stephenson & Peltonen, Jukka-Pekka & Vesa, Tiina, 2013. "Translation behaviour: An exploratory study within a service multinational," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 771-783.
    3. repec:mir:mirbus:v:7:y:2017:i:9:p:1-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Horak, Sven & Yang, Inju, 2016. "Affective networks, informal ties, and the limits of expatriate effectiveness," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 1030-1042.
    5. Murray, Janet Y. & Fu, Frank Q., 2016. "Strategic guanxi orientation: How to manage distribution channels in China?," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 1-16.

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