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Grievances, agency and the absence of conflict: The new Suzano pulp investment in the Eastern Amazon


  • Kröger, Markus


In November 2013, Suzano Papel e Celulose, a Brazilian paper company, is projected to inaugurate the world's largest pulp mill in Imperatriz in the remote state of Maranhão, Eastern Amazon. This investment will further consolidate Brazil's position as the leading exporter of wood-pulp coming from vast, corporate-controlled industrial plantations. These inland forestry investments are a feature of the second wave of large pulp projects, extending inland from the best lands in the coastal belt via accessible rivers and railroad networks. This globally significant inland expansion has been poorly studied, if at all. No publications exist on this Suzano pulp project. Empirically, this article provides a baseline study on the political economic dynamics.

Suggested Citation

  • Kröger, Markus, 2013. "Grievances, agency and the absence of conflict: The new Suzano pulp investment in the Eastern Amazon," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 28-35.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:forpol:v:33:y:2013:i:c:p:28-35
    DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2013.02.005

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gritten, David & Mola-Yudego, Blas & Delgado-Matas, Cristóbal & Kortelainen, Jarmo, 2013. "A quantitative review of the representation of forest conflicts across the world: Resource periphery and emerging patterns," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 11-20.
    2. Derek Hall, 2002. "Environmental Change, Protest, and Havens of Environmental Degradation: Evidence from Asia," Global Environmental Politics, MIT Press, vol. 2(2), pages 20-28, May.
    3. Hubo, Christiane & Krott, Max, 2013. "Conflict camouflaging in public administration — A case study in nature conservation policy in Lower Saxony," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 63-70.
    4. Puppim de Oliveira, Jose Antonio, 2008. "Property rights, land conflicts and deforestation in the Eastern Amazon," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 303-315, April.
    5. Buijs, Arjen & Lawrence, Anna, 2013. "Emotional conflicts in rational forestry: Towards a research agenda for understanding emotions in environmental conflicts," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 104-111.
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