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Child human trafficking victims: Challenges for the child welfare system


  • Fong, Rowena
  • Berger Cardoso, Jodi


Since the passing of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act in 2000 and its reauthorization by President George Bush in 2008, federal, state and community efforts in identifying and providing services for victims of human trafficking have significantly improved. However, most of the research and resources for trafficking victims have been directed towards adults rather than children. Researchers agree that there is a growing number of sexually exploited and trafficked children in the United States yet few programs emphasize the unique experiences and special needs of this population. This article examines commercial sexual exploitation of children; differentiates the needs and problems between child prostitution and victims of human trafficking; reviews and critiques current treatment practices; and summarizes challenges and successes in working with child victims of human trafficking, offering practice and policy recommendations.

Suggested Citation

  • Fong, Rowena & Berger Cardoso, Jodi, 2010. "Child human trafficking victims: Challenges for the child welfare system," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 311-316, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:epplan:v:33:y:2010:i:3:p:311-316

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Littell, Julia H., 2005. "Lessons from a systematic review of effects of multisystemic therapy," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 445-463, April.
    2. Lev-Wiesel, Rachel, 2008. "Child sexual abuse: A critical review of intervention and treatment modalities," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 665-673, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:gam:jscscx:v:7:y:2018:i:8:p:135-:d:163436 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Havlicek, Judy & Huston, Shannon & Boughton, Seth & Zhang, Saijun, 2016. "Human trafficking of children in Illinois: Prevalence and characteristics," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 127-135.
    3. McMahon-Howard, Jennifer & Reimers, Birthe, 2013. "An evaluation of a child welfare training program on the commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC)," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 1-9.


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