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The implementation of the EU renewable directive in Spain. Strategies and challenges


  • Labriet, Maryse
  • Cabal, Helena
  • Lechón, Yolanda
  • Giannakidis, George
  • Kanudia, Amit


Based on the European project RES2020, the analysis evaluates the energy strategies to be implemented in Spain in order to satisfy the EU Renewable Directive. The modelling framework relies on the technico-economic model TIMES-Spain, part of the Pan-European TIMES model used in the project. TIMES is a bottom-up technology rich optimisation model representing the whole energy systems of the countries. Among the results, it appears that the gap regarding the renewable deployment in Spain between the Business-as-Usual case (including the existing policies) and the EU Directive should be compensated mainly by the penetration of bioenergy in transport and industry, and by the implementation of conservation measures, which contribute to reduce the total energy demand and thus makes useless additional investments in renewable power plants compared to the Business-as-Usual case. Only higher climate mitigation ambitions result in an absolute increase in the renewable-based electricity generation compared to the Business-as-Usual case. Moreover, when allowed, Spain is offering renewable energy credits under the statistical transfer mechanism to other European countries. The cost increase of the modelled renewable and climate policies compared to the Business-as-Usual remains relatively minor.

Suggested Citation

  • Labriet, Maryse & Cabal, Helena & Lechón, Yolanda & Giannakidis, George & Kanudia, Amit, 2010. "The implementation of the EU renewable directive in Spain. Strategies and challenges," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 2272-2281, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:5:p:2272-2281

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    Cited by:

    1. Rosenberg, Eva & Lind, Arne & Espegren, Kari Aamodt, 2013. "The impact of future energy demand on renewable energy production – Case of Norway," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 419-431.
    2. repec:eee:rensus:v:75:y:2017:i:c:p:21-34 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:rensus:v:74:y:2017:i:c:p:788-799 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Park, Sang Yong & Yun, Bo-Yeong & Yun, Chang Yeol & Lee, Duk Hee & Choi, Dong Gu, 2016. "An analysis of the optimum renewable energy portfolio using the bottom–up model: Focusing on the electricity generation sector in South Korea," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 319-329.
    5. Pablo-Romero, M.P. & Sánchez-Braza, A. & Pérez, M., 2013. "Incentives to promote solar thermal energy in Spain," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 22(C), pages 198-208.
    6. Komarov, Dragan & Stupar, Slobodan & Simonović, Aleksandar & Stanojević, Marija, 2012. "Prospects of wind energy sector development in Serbia with relevant regulatory framework overview," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 2618-2630.
    7. López-Peña, Álvaro & Pérez-Arriaga, Ignacio & Linares, Pedro, 2012. "Renewables vs. energy efficiency: The cost of carbon emissions reduction in Spain," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 659-668.
    8. Lind, Arne & Rosenberg, Eva & Seljom, Pernille & Espegren, Kari & Fidje, Audun & Lindberg, Karen, 2013. "Analysis of the EU renewable energy directive by a techno-economic optimisation model," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 364-377.
    9. Gu Choi, Dong & Yong Park, Sang & Park, Nyun-Bae & Chul Hong, Jong, 2015. "Is the concept of ‘grid parity’ defined appropriately to evaluate the cost-competitiveness of renewable energy technologies?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 718-728.


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