Contract design for risk sharing partnerships in manufacturing
The development of extensive partnerships with suppliers has become a characteristic of manufacturing, particularly in the aircraft and automobile industries. This paper considers the development of appropriate contracts that enable market risks to be shared between the lead manufacturer and the partners. It is shown that it is usually appropriate to have threshold contracts, i.e., contracts where a partner only shares in profits if sales exceed a value determined by risk tolerance and target return. The value of having financial partners as well as manufacturing partners is demonstrated, although it is also shown that financial partner contributions to the project should be limited. We also consider the situation where partners have pre-existing commitments to other projects, perhaps with competitors. The producers sales may be correlated with the partners profits on pre-existing commitments so the impact on contract structure is explored. It is shown that even if a partner had preexisting commitments whose profit is positively correlated with product sales then it is often beneficial to use such a partner.
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- Alan MacPherson & David Pritchard, 2007. "Boeing’s Diffusion of Commercial Aircraft Technology to Japan: Surrendering the U.S. Industry for Foreign Financial Support," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 552-566, July.
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