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The Clean Development Mechanism in the Solid Waste Management Sector: Sustainable for Whom?


  • Martinez, Candace A.
  • Bowen, J.D.


Using a waste-to-energy project located in a landfill on the outskirts of San Salvador as a case in point, we argue that the UN's Clean Development Mechanism falls short of its stated mandate to promote sustainable development. While the mechanism may provide environmental and economic value creation for some stakeholders, it provides value destruction for others, namely for the disenfranchised communities neighboring the project site. We describe three specific challenges that the solid waste management industry represents for the CDM and suggest that a revised plan would incorporate a social inclusion agenda in partial fulfillment of the requirements for CDM approval.

Suggested Citation

  • Martinez, Candace A. & Bowen, J.D., 2012. "The Clean Development Mechanism in the Solid Waste Management Sector: Sustainable for Whom?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 123-125.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:82:y:2012:i:c:p:123-125
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.07.009

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Baumgärtner, Stefan & Quaas, Martin, 2010. "What is sustainability economics?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(3), pages 445-450, January.
    2. Nilsen, Heidi Rapp, 2010. "The joint discourse 'reflexive sustainable development' -- From weak towards strong sustainable development," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(3), pages 495-501, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yadira Mori Clement & Birgit Bednar-Friedl, 2017. "Do Clean Development Mechanism projects generate local employment? Testing for sectoral effects across Brazilian municipalities," Graz Economics Papers 2017-05, University of Graz, Department of Economics.
    2. Trotter, Ian Michael & da Cunha, Dênis Antônio & Féres, José Gustavo, 2015. "The relationships between CDM project characteristics and CER market prices," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 158-167.


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