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Factors affecting adoption in Wales: Predictors of variation in time between entry to care and adoptive placement

Listed author(s):
  • Anthony, Rebecca
  • Meakings, Sarah
  • Doughty, Julie
  • Ottaway, Heather
  • Holland, Sally
  • Shelton, Katherine H.
Registered author(s):

    In the UK, there has been an increasing emphasis in recent years on reducing the delay in making permanent placements for children who cannot remain living with their birth parents. Adoption is one such plan for permanence. This study examined those factors that predicted a lengthier care episode for a national sample of children recently placed for adoption. The data was drawn from the Wales Adoption Study. This is a mixed methods study that analysed information from the adoption reports of all children placed for adoption over a 13month period during 2014 and 2015 (n=374). Children were aged between 0months and 6 1/2years on entry into care. On average, the time between entering care and moving into an adoptive placement was 528days. The results of the regression analysis showed that four child-related factors were associated with a longer wait in care before being placed for adoption. These were developmental delay, externalizing behaviour, serious and enduring health problems/disability and exposure to domestic violence. The procedural factors examined showed no association with length of time to placement. The findings from this study make a substantial contribution to further developing what is known about the timeliness of adoption within the current UK context. The implications for policy and practice are discussed.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Children and Youth Services Review.

    Volume (Year): 67 (2016)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 184-190

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:67:y:2016:i:c:p:184-190
    DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.06.010
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    1. Connell, Christian M. & Katz, Karol H. & Saunders, Leon & Tebes, Jacob Kraemer, 2006. "Leaving foster care--the influence of child and case characteristics on foster care exit rates," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 780-798, July.
    2. Lloyd, E. Christopher & Barth, Richard P., 2011. "Developmental outcomes after five years for foster children returned home, remaining in care, or adopted," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1383-1391, August.
    3. van den Dries, Linda & Juffer, Femmie & van IJzendoorn, Marinus H. & Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J., 2009. "Fostering security? A meta-analysis of attachment in adopted children," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 410-421, March.
    4. Carpenter, Georgia L. & Stacks, Ann M., 2009. "Developmental effects of exposure to Intimate Partner Violence in early childhood: A review of the literature," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(8), pages 831-839, August.
    5. Avery, Rosemary J., 2000. "Perceptions and practice: Agency efforts for the hardest-to-place children," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 399-420, June.
    6. Leathers, Sonya J. & Spielfogel, Jill E. & Gleeson, James P. & Rolock, Nancy, 2012. "Behavior problems, foster home integration, and evidence-based behavioral interventions: What predicts adoption of foster children?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 891-899.
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