A systematic review: A quest for effective interventions for children and adolescents in street situation
This review on interventions for children and adolescents in street situation (CASS) starts where Dybicz ended his review in 2005. In his conclusion Dybicz pleads for more empirical research addressing the effectiveness of interventions and capturing the voices of different actors involved in intervention programs in a culture and gender sensitive way. Our review began with a broad search for academic literature on interventions for CASS published between December 2004 and October 2011 in English, Portuguese and Afrikaans. We ordered the findings derived from 33 studies in an ecological broad-based integrative model to have an idea about what we can learn from the academic literature. In a second part of this article we attend to the effectiveness of interventions. One of the main conclusions of this review is that the reviewed articles could not give us a clear picture of what is meant by the long-term objectives of interventions for CASS, which is of paramount importance in evaluating them. Furthermore, we noticed that a Western discourse on childhood is predominantly used in the reviewed articles and in the programs described. Finally, we question whether this is the ideal to which we have to interpret the results of the programs.
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- Turnbull, Bernardo & Hernández, Raquel & Reyes, Miguel, 2009. "Street children and their helpers: An actor-oriented approach," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(12), pages 1283-1288, December.
- Kaime-Atterhog, Wanjiku & Lindmark, Gunilla & Persson, Lars-Ake & Ahlberg, Beth Maina, 2007. "Burning "Centre Bolt": Experiences of sexually transmitted infections and health care seeking behaviour described by street boys in Urban Kenya," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 600-617, May.
- Lam, Debbie & Cheng, Fucai, 2008. "Chinese policy reaction to the problem of street children: An analysis from the perspective of street children," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 575-584, May.
- Catherine Ward & John Seager, 2010. "South African street children: A survey and recommendations for services," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(1), pages 85-100.
- Harris, Melissa S. & Johnson, Knowlton & Young, Linda & Edwards, Jessica, 2011. "Community reinsertion success of street children programs in Brazil and Peru," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 723-731, May.
- Ferguson, Kristin M. & Dabir, Neela & Dortzbach, Karl & Dyrness, Grace & Spruijt-Metz, Donna, 2006. "Comparative analysis of faith-based programs serving homeless and street-living youth in Los Angeles, Mumbai and Nairobi," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(12), pages 1512-1527, December.
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