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Equivalent harm? The relative roles of maltreatment and exposure to intimate partner violence in antisocial outcomes for young adults

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  • Park, Aely
  • Smith, Carolyn
  • Ireland, Timothy

Abstract

This study investigates whether child maltreatment and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) have an equivalent effect on young adult violence and criminality, including adult relationship violence, and whether experiencing both types of family violence enhances the risk of adverse outcomes. The study utilizes data from the Rochester Youth Development Study (RYDS), a cohort study of the development of delinquency and other youth problems in a community sample of 1000 diverse urban youth, followed from age 14 to adulthood, to bolster our knowledge of these phenomena. Responses to well-validated measures come from a combination of interviews with parents and youth and from official records. Results generally indicate that maltreated children are more likely to demonstrate adult antisocial behavior than children exposed to IPV. Thus, our results indicate that both types of family violence are not equivalently harmful in the development of antisocial and violent behavior. In addition, the results indicate that experiencing both forms of family violence increases the risk of some antisocial outcomes in young adulthood compared to experiencing either one in isolation. Implications for research and services are considered.

Suggested Citation

  • Park, Aely & Smith, Carolyn & Ireland, Timothy, 2012. "Equivalent harm? The relative roles of maltreatment and exposure to intimate partner violence in antisocial outcomes for young adults," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 962-972.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:34:y:2012:i:5:p:962-972
    DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.01.029
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kohl, Patricia L. & Edleson, Jeffrey L. & English, Diana J. & Barth, Richard P., 2005. "Domestic violence and pathways into child welfare services: Findings from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(11), pages 1167-1182, November.
    2. Edleson, Jeffrey L. & Ellerton, Amanda L. & Seagren, Ellen A. & Kirchberg, Staci L. & Schmidt, Sarah O. & Ambrose, Amirthini T., 2007. "Assessing child exposure to adult domestic violence," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(7), pages 961-971, July.
    3. Postmus, Judy L. & Merritt, Darcey H., 2010. "When child abuse overlaps with domestic violence: The factors that influence child protection workers' beliefs," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 309-317, March.
    4. Ehrensaft, Miriam K., 2008. "Intimate partner violence: Persistence of myths and implications for intervention," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 276-286, March.
    5. Moles, Kerry, 2008. "Bridging the divide between child welfare and domestic violence services: Deconstructing the change process," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 674-688, June.
    6. Hazen, Andrea L. & Connelly, Cynthia D. & Edleson, Jeffrey L. & Kelleher, Kelly J. & Landverk, John A. & Coben, Jeffrey H. & Barth, Richard P. & McGeehan, Jennifer & Rolls, Jennifer A. & Nuszkowski, M, 2007. "Assessment of intimate partner violence by child welfare services," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 490-500, April.
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