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A bright side of financial constraints in cash management

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  • Luo, Mi (Meg)

Abstract

This paper tests whether financial constraints play a disciplinary role in cash dissipation in the presence of agency problems. We hypothesize that when firms have difficulty raising external funds, empire-building managers of cash-rich firms will be less likely to spend cash on negative NPV projects as compared to unconstrained managers. Empirically, we examine firm performance after cash dissipation and associate it with the degree of financial constraints. We find that cash spending by managers in financially constrained firms is associated with higher future profitability and stock returns compared to cash spending by managers in unconstrained firms. Further tests reveal that the positive effect of financial constraints on firm performance is not driven by differences in corporate governance. Financial constraints actually substitute for good governance in disciplining managers. We find that corporate governance improves the efficiency of cash dissipation in unconstrained firms, but not in constrained firms. Likewise, financial constraints' disciplinary effect is found to be concentrated in firms that are poorly governed.

Suggested Citation

  • Luo, Mi (Meg), 2011. "A bright side of financial constraints in cash management," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 1430-1444.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:17:y:2011:i:5:p:1430-1444
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2011.07.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Amess, Kevin & Banerji, Sanjay & Lampousis, Athanasios, 2015. "Corporate cash holdings: Causes and consequences," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 421-433.
    2. Volkov, Nikanor I. & Smith, Garrett C., 2015. "Corporate diversification and firm value during economic downturns," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 160-175.
    3. Hongchao Zeng, 2014. "Financial Constraints, Antitakeover Protection, and Corporate Innovation: An Empirical Analysis using Antitakeover Legislation," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 4, pages 1-15, August.
    4. repec:kap:rqfnac:v:49:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11156-016-0597-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:wsi:afexxx:v:12:y:2017:i:02:n:s2010495217500099 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Lee, Choonsik & Park, Heungju, 2016. "Financial constraints, board governance standards, and corporate cash holdings," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 21-34.
    7. Andrén, Niclas & Jankensgård, Håkan, 2015. "Wall of cash: The investment-cash flow sensitivity when capital becomes abundant," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 204-213.
    8. Lien, Donald & Yu, Chia-Feng (Jeffrey), 2014. "Time-inconsistent investment, financial constraints, and cash flow hedging," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 72-79.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial constraints; Cash dissipation; Overinvestment; Corporate governance; Firm performance;

    JEL classification:

    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General

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