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Thermal analysis of cylinder head carbon deposits from single cylinder diesel engine fueled by palm oil-diesel fuel emulsions

Author

Listed:
  • Husnawan, M.
  • Masjuki, H.H.
  • Mahlia, T.M.I.
  • Saifullah, M.G.

Abstract

This paper aims to evaluate the cylinder head carbon deposit from diesel engine fuelled by four samples of diesel fuel emulsions containing 0%; 5%; 10% and 15% vol. water and 20% Palm Oil Methyl Ester (POME) were subjected to thermogravimetric analysis (TGA/DSC) in air medium. The deposit build up processes were performed on a single-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine for period of 25Â h for each set of test fuel under constant speed 2500Â rpm. The TGA system was used and then correlated with elemental analysis as well as infrared spectra for microscopic observations. It has been found that, as the water increases in fuel, less aromatic and less reactive of deposits would be formed. Therefore, such method of analyses can be used as an indicator to verify the stability of carbon deposit inside the combustion chamber that could substantiate the applicability of a particular fuel to be accepted.

Suggested Citation

  • Husnawan, M. & Masjuki, H.H. & Mahlia, T.M.I. & Saifullah, M.G., 2009. "Thermal analysis of cylinder head carbon deposits from single cylinder diesel engine fueled by palm oil-diesel fuel emulsions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(10), pages 2107-2113, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:86:y:2009:i:10:p:2107-2113
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Shekarchian, M. & Moghavvemi, M. & Mahlia, T.M.I. & Mazandarani, A., 2011. "A review on the pattern of electricity generation and emission in Malaysia from 1976 to 2008," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 2629-2642, August.
    2. Shekarchian, M. & Moghavvemi, M. & Motasemi, F. & Zarifi, F. & Mahlia, T.M.I., 2012. "Energy and fuel consumption forecast by retrofitting absorption cooling in Malaysia from 2012 to 2025," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 6128-6141.
    3. Reham, S.S. & Masjuki, H.H. & Kalam, M.A. & Shancita, I. & Rizwanul Fattah, I.M. & Ruhul, A.M., 2015. "Study on stability, fuel properties, engine combustion, performance and emission characteristics of biofuel emulsion," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 1566-1579.
    4. Ogunkoya, Dolanimi & Li, Shuai & Rojas, Orlando J. & Fang, Tiegang, 2015. "Performance, combustion, and emissions in a diesel engine operated with fuel-in-water emulsions based on lignin," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 154(C), pages 851-861.
    5. Jayed, M.H. & Masjuki, H.H. & Kalam, M.A. & Mahlia, T.M.I. & Husnawan, M. & Liaquat, A.M., 2011. "Prospects of dedicated biodiesel engine vehicles in Malaysia and Indonesia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 220-235, January.
    6. Melo-Espinosa, Eliezer Ahmed & Piloto-Rodríguez, Ramón & Goyos-Pérez, Leonardo & Sierens, Roger & Verhelst, Sebastian, 2015. "Emulsification of animal fats and vegetable oils for their use as a diesel engine fuel: An overview," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 623-633.
    7. repec:eee:appene:v:203:y:2017:i:c:p:582-593 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Hasan, M.H. & Mahlia, T.M.I. & Nur, Hadi, 2012. "A review on energy scenario and sustainable energy in Indonesia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 2316-2328.
    9. Mileusnić, Z.I. & Petrović, D.V. & Đević, M.S., 2010. "Comparison of tillage systems according to fuel consumption," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 221-228.
    10. Mavropoulos, G.C., 2011. "Experimental study of the interactions between long and short-term unsteady heat transfer responses on the in-cylinder and exhaust manifold diesel engine surfaces," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(3), pages 867-881, March.
    11. Mohammadnejad, M. & Ghazvini, M. & Mahlia, T.M.I. & Andriyana, A., 2011. "A review on energy scenario and sustainable energy in Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(9), pages 4652-4658.

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