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Pursuing the pre-combustion CCS route in oil refineries – The impact on fired heaters


  • Weydahl, Torleif
  • Jamaluddin, Jamal
  • Seljeskog, Morten
  • Anantharaman, Rahul


The work presented in this paper investigates the effect of replacing refinery fuel gas in the radiant section burners of a fired heater with hydrogen. The aim is to approach pre-combustion CCS to refinery fired heaters by identifying the impact on heat-, flow- and radiation distribution in the lower radiant section of the fired heater when simply switching refinery gas with hydrogen at equivalent power using the same burner geometrics. Additionally the formation of NOx is considered. The investigations are performed using a conventional Reynolds Average Navier Stokes (RANS), Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) approach using detailed reaction kinetics consisting of 325 elementary reactions and 53 species. Simplified and generalized furnace and burner geometries are used in the present work. The results show that approximately the same average wall heat flux density is achieved when the refinery fuel is replaced by hydrogen. However, the distribution of heat on the inner surfaces changes. The hydrogen case has, as expected, a higher flame temperature than the base case, nevertheless, the nitric oxide (NOx) emissions are comparable to base case emissions. Several indications point in the direction of a significant contribution to the base case emissions from the less temperature dependent prompt-NO mechanism, which obviously is not contributing to the hydrogen case emissions.

Suggested Citation

  • Weydahl, Torleif & Jamaluddin, Jamal & Seljeskog, Morten & Anantharaman, Rahul, 2013. "Pursuing the pre-combustion CCS route in oil refineries – The impact on fired heaters," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 833-839.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:102:y:2013:i:c:p:833-839
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.08.044

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    2. Martínez, I. & Romano, M.C. & Fernández, J.R. & Chiesa, P. & Murillo, R. & Abanades, J.C., 2014. "Process design of a hydrogen production plant from natural gas with CO2 capture based on a novel Ca/Cu chemical loop," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 192-208.
    3. Zhang, Xian & Wang, Xingwei & Chen, Jiajun & Xie, Xi & Wang, Ke & Wei, Yiming, 2014. "A novel modeling based real option approach for CCS investment evaluation under multiple uncertainties," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 1059-1067.
    4. Al-Salem, S.M., 2015. "Carbon dioxide (CO2) emission sources in Kuwait from the downstream industry: Critical analysis with a current and futuristic view," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 575-587.
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    7. Xing, Ji & Liu, Zhenyi & Huang, Ping & Feng, Changgen & Zhou, Yi & Sun, Ruiyan & Wang, Shigang, 2014. "CFD validation of scaling rules for reduced-scale field releases of carbon dioxide," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 525-530.


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