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Economic analysis of navel orange cv. 'Lane late' grown on two different drought-tolerant rootstocks under deficit irrigation in South-eastern Spain

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  • Pérez-Pérez, J.G.
  • García, J.
  • Robles, J.M.
  • Botía, P.

Abstract

During a three-year period, we evaluated the profitability of a deficit-irrigation (DI) treatment in mature `Lane late' navel orange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osb.) trees grafted on two different drought-tolerant rootstocks, `Cleopatra' mandarin (Citrus reshni Hort. ex Tanaka) and `Carrizo' citrange (C. sinensis (L.) Osb. x Poncirus trifoliata L. Raf.). The irrigation strategies for each rootstock were a control treatment, irrigated at 100% crop evapotranspiration (ETc) during the entire season, and a DI, irrigated at 100% ETc except during phase I (fruit set) and phase III (fruit maturation) of fruit growth, when complete irrigation cut-off was applied. The main difference found was between rootstocks, orchards of `Carrizo' being 39% more profitable than those of `Cleopatra' due to the greater yield and fruit size and higher price (0.02 [euro] kg-1) for trees on `Carrizo'. The application of the DI treatment increased the profit for `Carrizo' since the decrease in pruning costs was greater than the reduction of incomes. The profit of `Cleopatra' under DI decreased due to yield reduction. The variable and fixed operating costs during the growth cycle were decreased by the DI treatment, with a reduction of fertiliser (40%), water applied (30%) and electricity consumed (30%) compared with the control. In addition, in `Carrizo', DI decreased the pruning (16%), machinery (11%) and phytosanitary products (9%) costs as a result of the reduction of the canopy growth. From these results, we conclude that, with similar crop management, orchards of `Lane late' navel orange on `Carrizo' rootstock were more profitable than those on `Cleopatra' under deficit-irrigation conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Pérez-Pérez, J.G. & García, J. & Robles, J.M. & Botía, P., 2010. "Economic analysis of navel orange cv. 'Lane late' grown on two different drought-tolerant rootstocks under deficit irrigation in South-eastern Spain," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 97(1), pages 157-164, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:97:y:2010:i:1:p:157-164
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    Cited by:

    1. Consoli, S. & Stagno, F. & Roccuzzo, G. & Cirelli, G.L. & Intrigliolo, F., 2014. "Sustainable management of limited water resources in a young orange orchard," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 60-68.
    2. Alcon, Francisco & Tapsuwan, Sorada & Martínez-Paz, José M. & Brouwer, Roy & de Miguel, María D., 2014. "Forecasting deficit irrigation adoption using a mixed stakeholder assessment methodology," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 183-193.
    3. Samperio, Alberto & Moñino, María José & Vivas, Antonio & Blanco-Cipollone, Fernando & Martín, Abelardo García & Prieto, María Henar, 2015. "Effect of deficit irrigation during stage II and post-harvest on tree water status, vegetative growth, yield and economic assessment in ‘Angeleno’ Japanese plum," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 158(C), pages 69-81.
    4. Ballester, C. & Castel, J. & Intrigliolo, D.S. & Castel, J.R., 2011. "Response of Clementina de Nules citrus trees to summer deficit irrigation. Yield components and fruit composition," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 98(6), pages 1027-1032, April.
    5. repec:eee:agiwat:v:187:y:2017:i:c:p:47-56 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:eee:agisys:v:159:y:2018:i:c:p:93-102 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Maestre-Valero, J.F. & Martin-Gorriz, B. & Alarcón, J.J. & Nicolas, E. & Martinez-Alvarez, V., 2016. "Economic feasibility of implementing regulated deficit irrigation with reclaimed water in a grapefruit orchard," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 178(C), pages 119-125.

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    Keywords

    Profit; Yield; Yield water-use efficiency;

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