IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Sugarcane growth and yield responses to a 3-month summer flood


  • Gilbert, R.A.
  • Rainbolt, C.R.
  • Morris, D.R.
  • McCray, J.M.


Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) in south Florida is often subjected to flooding due to interacting effects of soil subsidence, pumping restrictions, and tropical storms. While there has been considerable research on the response of sugarcane cultivars to high water tables and periodic flooding, there is a lack of information on commercial cultivar yield response to long-term flooding. An experiment was established in Belle Glade, FL to examine the effect of a 3-month summer flood (JulySeptember) on the growth and yield of cultivars CP 80-1743 and CP 72-2086 during the plant cane (2003) and second ratoon (2005) crop. Harvest samples were taken early-, mid-, and late-season. Flooding sugarcane in the summer caused sequentially greater yield reductions throughout the harvest season in plant cane. Sucrose yields for flooded cane, compared with the non-flooded control, were 9.6 t sucrose ha?1 versus 11.7 t sucrose ha?1 early, 9.2 t sucrose ha?1 versus 12.8 t sucrose ha?1 mid-season and 7.8 t sucrose ha?1 versus 12.3 t sucrose ha?1 at late harvest. In the second ratoon crop, flooding reduced sugarcane tonnage and sucrose yield by 5464% across sampling dates, and preliminary results indicated that flooding reduced leaf nutrient content by 1078%. Yield reductions due to flooding in both crops were attributed more to reduced tonnage rather than sucrose content. CP 72-2086 yielded 1828% greater sucrose than CP 80-1743 when harvested late. However the flood × cultivar interaction was not significant as both cultivars recorded similar yield reductions under flooded conditions. Our results identified severe yield losses caused by a 3-month summer flood in these cultivars, particularly in ratoon crops. Strategies to increase summer on-farm water storage in Florida should focus on short-duration periodic flooding rather than long-term flooding.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilbert, R.A. & Rainbolt, C.R. & Morris, D.R. & McCray, J.M., 2008. "Sugarcane growth and yield responses to a 3-month summer flood," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 95(3), pages 283-291, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:95:y:2008:i:3:p:283-291

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chabot, Rosanne & Bouarfa, Sami & Zimmer, Daniel & Chaumont, Cedric & Duprez, Cedric, 2002. "Sugarcane transpiration with shallow water-table: sap flow measurements and modelling," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 17-36, March.
    2. Rice, Ronald W. & Izuno, Forrest T. & Garcia, Raymond M., 2002. "Phosphorus load reductions under best management practices for sugarcane cropping systems in the Everglades Agricultural Area," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 17-39, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Chau, Vu Ngoc & Cassells, Sue M. & Holland, John, 2014. "Measuring direct losses to rice production from extreme flood events in Quang Nam province, Vietnam," 2014 Conference (58th), February 4-7, 2014, Port Macquarie, Australia 165813, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    2. Md Shahinoor Rahman & Liping Di, 2020. "A Systematic Review on Case Studies of Remote-Sensing-Based Flood Crop Loss Assessment," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(4), pages 1-30, April.
    3. Allen, Leon Hartwell Jr. & Vu, Joseph C. V. & Anderson, Joan C. & Ray, Jeffery D., 2008. "Impact of Elevated Carbon Dioxide and Temperature on Fresh Weight and Sugar Yield of Sugar Cane," 44th Annual Meeting, July 13-17, 2008, Miami, Florida, USA 256445, Caribbean Food Crops Society.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:95:y:2008:i:3:p:283-291. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Haili He). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.