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Adapting Bank Business Models: Financial Stability Implications of Greater Reliance on Fee and Commission Income


  • Kok, Christoffer
  • Mirza, Harun
  • Móré, Csaba
  • Pancaro, Cosimo


The euro area banking sector is faced with cyclical and structural challenges, which are hampering many banks’ ability to generate sustainable profits. In particular, the prolonged period of low nominal growth and low yields compresses net interest income, which traditionally has been (and still is) euro area banks’ main source of income. One way for banks to compensate for compressed net interest margins could be to adapt their business models, moving towards more fee and commission-generating activities. This article discusses the challenges involved in boosting fee and commission income and highlights some of the potential financial stability implications related to a greater reliance on these income sources. JEL Classification: G00

Suggested Citation

  • Kok, Christoffer & Mirza, Harun & Móré, Csaba & Pancaro, Cosimo, 2016. "Adapting Bank Business Models: Financial Stability Implications of Greater Reliance on Fee and Commission Income," Financial Stability Review, European Central Bank, vol. 2.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:fsrart:2016:0002:3
    Note: 508948

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    Cited by:

    1. Emilia Bonaccorsi di Patti & Francesco Palazzo, 2020. "Bank profitability and macroeconomic conditions: Are business models different?," Economic Notes, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, vol. 49(2), July.
    2. Andreu, Laura & Serrano, Miguel & Vicente, Luis, 2019. "Efficiency of mutual fund managers: A slacks-based manager efficiency index," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 273(3), pages 1180-1193.
    3. Elekdag, Selim & Malik, Sheheryar & Mitra, Srobona, 2020. "Breaking the Bank? A Probabilistic Assessment of Euro Area Bank Profitability," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 120(C).
    4. Elisabetta Montanaro & Mario Tonveronachi, 2017. "Vulnerabilita' del sistema bancario italiano. Diagnosi e rimedi (Dealing with the vulnerability of the Italian banking system)," Moneta e Credito, Economia civile, vol. 70(280), pages 299-368.

    More about this item


    cyclical factors; financial stability;

    JEL classification:

    • G00 - Financial Economics - - General - - - General


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