IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Trade Flows of Bangladesh: A Gravity Model Approach


  • Mili Roy

    () (Institute of Statistical Research and Training (ISRT), University of Dhaka)

  • Md. Israt Rayhan

    () (Institute of Statistical Research and Training (ISRT), University of Dhaka)


This study gives an overview of different methodologies related to gravity model analysis in Bangladesh trade flow. A pooled cross section and time series data were analyzed to incorporate the country specific heterogeneity in country pair trading partners. The trade flows are justified by the basic gravity model since Bangladesh trade is positively significant by the economy size and inversely related to trade barrier. Accordingly, pooled ordinary least square, fixed effect and random effect methods are implied. This study also explores extended gravity model that depicts trade is determined by the gross domestic product, openness of the economy and exchange rate. In addition, cross section results show that regional trade arrangement which is South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation and border are significant for Bangladesh trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Mili Roy & Md. Israt Rayhan, 2011. "Trade Flows of Bangladesh: A Gravity Model Approach," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(1), pages 950-959.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-11-00050

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hassan, M. Kabir, 2001. "Is SAARC a viable economic block? evidence from gravity model," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 263-290.
    2. Simon J. Evenett & Wolfgang Keller, 2002. "On Theories Explaining the Success of the Gravity Equation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(2), pages 281-316, April.
    3. Jeffrey Frankel & Andrew Rose, 2002. "An Estimate of the Effect of Common Currencies on Trade and Income," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 437-466.
    4. Hossain, Sharif M., 2009. "South Asian Free Trade Area: Implications for Bangladesh," MPRA Paper 18517, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Edward Christie, 2001. "Potential Trade in Southeast Europe: A Gravity Model Approach," wiiw Balkan Observatory Working Papers 11, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Kundu, Nobinkhor, 2015. "Bilateral Trade Balance of Bangladesh with BRICS Countries: A Static Panel Data Analysis," MPRA Paper 66091, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 03 Aug 2015.
    2. Lotfali Agheli & Unes Salmani & Mir Abdullah Hosseini, 2017. "Factors Affecting Market Share of Iranian Hand-woven Carpet in Singapore," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 7(1), pages 500-505.

    More about this item


    Gravity model; Pooled Ordinary Least Square; Fixed effect; Random effect.;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-11-00050. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (John P. Conley). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.