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Educacion y movilidad intergeneracional en Colombia, 1929-1996

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  • Cartagena, Katherine

Abstract

Este trabajo analiza la movilidad educativa entre generaciones en Colombia desde 1929 hasta mediados de la decada de los noventa. A traves de un nuevo indice mide la movilidad intergeneracional ascendente, entendida como la probabilidad neta que los hijos superen la educacion de sus padres. Para examinar la incidencia de los retornos a la educacion sobre las decisiones educativas y particularmente sobre la movilidad intergeneracional, fue necesario construir una serie de Rentabilidad de la Educacion que cubriera el mismo periodo que el indicador de movilidad. El analisis muestra un considerable aumento de la educacion entre generaciones y señala una disminucion en el ritmo de crecimiento de la movilidad intergeneracional desde mediados de la decada de los años setenta. Esto podria explicarse, entre otros factores, por el descenso en los retornos de la educacion. Finalmente sugiere la existencia de imperfecciones en el mercado para el financiamiento de la educacion superior. This paper analyzes the intergenerational educational mobility in Colombia from 1929 to mid 1990s. By means of a new index, measures the ascending intergenerational mobility, understood as the net probability that children surpass their parents' education. The incidence of education returns on educational decisions and intergenerational mobility, is analyzed with a new series of education returns that covers the same years that the index of mobility. The analysis shows a significant increase of education between generations and that the intergenerational mobility slowed in the mid 1970s. This could be explained by, among other factors, the reduction in the returns of education. Finally, it suggests the presence of market imperfections for financing college.

Suggested Citation

  • Cartagena, Katherine, 2003. "Educacion y movilidad intergeneracional en Colombia, 1929-1996," Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 3(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:3:y2003:i:3_7
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. F. J. Ledesma-Rodríguez & M. Navarro-Ibánez & J. V. Pérez-Rodríguez, "undated". "Panel data and tourism demand. The case of Tenerife," Working Papers 99-17, FEDEA.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital Humano; Movilidad Educativa Intergeneracional; Retornos De La Educacion; Imperfecciones Del Mercado De Credito; Desempleo; Colombia.;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • O49 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Other

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