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Educacion y movilidad intergeneracional en Colombia, 1929-1996

  • Cartagena, Katherine
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    Este trabajo analiza la movilidad educativa entre generaciones en Colombia desde 1929 hasta mediados de la decada de los noventa. A traves de un nuevo indice mide la movilidad intergeneracional ascendente, entendida como la probabilidad neta que los hijos superen la educacion de sus padres. Para examinar la incidencia de los retornos a la educacion sobre las decisiones educativas y particularmente sobre la movilidad intergeneracional, fue necesario construir una serie de Rentabilidad de la Educacion que cubriera el mismo periodo que el indicador de movilidad. El analisis muestra un considerable aumento de la educacion entre generaciones y señala una disminucion en el ritmo de crecimiento de la movilidad intergeneracional desde mediados de la decada de los años setenta. Esto podria explicarse, entre otros factores, por el descenso en los retornos de la educacion. Finalmente sugiere la existencia de imperfecciones en el mercado para el financiamiento de la educacion superior. This paper analyzes the intergenerational educational mobility in Colombia from 1929 to mid 1990s. By means of a new index, measures the ascending intergenerational mobility, understood as the net probability that children surpass their parents' education. The incidence of education returns on educational decisions and intergenerational mobility, is analyzed with a new series of education returns that covers the same years that the index of mobility. The analysis shows a significant increase of education between generations and that the intergenerational mobility slowed in the mid 1970s. This could be explained by, among other factors, the reduction in the returns of education. Finally, it suggests the presence of market imperfections for financing college.

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    Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()

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    Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:3:y2003:i:3_7
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