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Ausbau der Kinderbetreuung: Entlastung der Eltern erhöht Zufriedenheit

Author

Listed:
  • Pia S. Schober
  • Christian Schmitt

Abstract

As of 2005, and since 2008 in particular, child care provision for under-three-year-olds in Germany has been expanded across the board. We examine whether this expansion of services - using evidence of a reduced burden on mothers and fathers with children in this age group - has significantly increased these parents' satisfaction with various areas of their lives. To shed more light on this issue, we analyze data from the Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) and Families in Germany (FiD) and compare them with official data to provide information about the regional child care ratio. These analyses show that both parents tend to be more satisfied with child care and family life in a region with a wider range of child care facilities. Particularly for mothers in western Germany, there is also a positive correlation between child care services and satisfaction with income, health, and life in general, indicating that an increased provision of early years child care helps reduce the double burden of work and family against a background of dominant gender roles that still prevail. Beginnend mit dem Jahr 2005 und nochmals verstärkt seit 2008 wurde in Deutschland das Angebot an Kinderbetreuung für die unter Dreijährigen flächendeckend ausgebaut. Wir untersuchen, ob diese Ausweitung im Angebot - vermittelt über eine stärkere Entlastung der Mütter und Väter mit Kindern in dieser Altersgruppe - die Zufriedenheit dieser Eltern mit verschiedenen Lebensbereichen spürbar erhöht hat. Um diese Frage näher zu beleuchten, analysieren wir Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) sowie der Studie Familien in Deutschland (FiD) und verknüpfen diese Daten mit amtlichen Informationen, die Aufschluss über die regionale Betreuungsquote geben. Auf Grundlage dieser Auswertungen zeigt sich, dass beide Elternteile tendenziell zufriedener mit der Kinderbetreuung und mit dem Familienleben sind, wenn in einer Region ein größeres Angebot existiert. Vor allem für die Mütter in Westdeutschland ist zudem ein positiver Zusammenhang zwischen dem Betreuungsangebot und der Zufriedenheit mit dem Einkommen, mit der Gesundheit und mit dem Leben insgesamt erkennbar, was den Schluss nahe legt, dass der Ausbau der Kleinkindbetreuung dazu beiträgt, existierende Doppelbelastungen zwischen Beruf und Familie vor dem Hintergrund nach wie vor dominanter Geschlechterrollen abzuschwächen.

Suggested Citation

  • Pia S. Schober & Christian Schmitt, 2013. "Ausbau der Kinderbetreuung: Entlastung der Eltern erhöht Zufriedenheit," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(50), pages 3-11.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:80-50-1
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    Keywords

    Well-being; satisfaction; parenthood; child care;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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