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The effects of socioeconomic and cultural characteristics of regions on the spatial patterns of the Second Demographic Transition in Finland

Author

Listed:
  • Tapani Valkonen

    (Helsingin Yliopisto (University of Helsinki))

  • Jenni Blomgren

    (Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos (National Institute for Health and Welfare))

  • Timo M. Kauppinen

    (Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos (National Institute for Health and Welfare))

  • Pekka Martikainen

    (Helsingin Yliopisto (University of Helsinki))

  • Elina Mäenpää

    (Helsingin Yliopisto (University of Helsinki))

Abstract

The article studies to what extent regional socioeconomic and cultural characteristics explain spatial patterns in the Second Demographic Transition in Finland. The country’s 75 functional regions are used as area units. A summary indicator of the transition based on divorce and cohabitation is used as the dependent variable. The results show that the spatial pattern is mainly determined according to the regional level of urbanization, but the effect is mediated by cultural characteristics (secularization and support for the socialist and green parties). The cultural characteristics have only a modest independent effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Tapani Valkonen & Jenni Blomgren & Timo M. Kauppinen & Pekka Martikainen & Elina Mäenpää, 2008. "The effects of socioeconomic and cultural characteristics of regions on the spatial patterns of the Second Demographic Transition in Finland," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 19(61), pages 2043-2056, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:19:y:2008:i:61
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    File URL: https://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol19/61/19-61.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ron J. Lesthaeghe & Lisa Neidert, 2006. "The Second Demographic Transition in the United States: Exception or Textbook Example?," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 32(4), pages 669-698.
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    Cited by:

    1. Anna Baranowska-Rataj & Monika Mynarska & Daniele Vignoli, 2014. "A Dirty Look From The Neighbors. Does Living In A Religious Neighborhood Prevent Cohabitation?," Working Papers 71, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cohabitation; cultural factors; divorce rate; regional differences; second demographic transition; socioeconomic factors;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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