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The Effect of Changes in Reserve Requirements During the 1930s: The Evidence from Nonmember Banks

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  • CARGILL, THOMAS F.
  • MAYER, THOMAS

Abstract

Despite the widespread acceptance of Friedman and Schwartz's interpretation of the 1936/37 increase in member bank reserve requirements as the major cause of the 1937/38 recession there is surprisingly little straightforward evidence on this issue, perhaps because data limitations and structural instability preclude econometric modeling. We exploit a simple alternative, comparing member banks with nonmember banks not subject to changes in reserve requirements. The results support the hypothesis that the increase in reserve requirements reduced the availability of bank credit and contributed to the recession.
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  • Cargill, Thomas F. & Mayer, Thomas, 2006. "The Effect of Changes in Reserve Requirements During the 1930s: The Evidence from Nonmember Banks," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 66(02), pages 417-432, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jechis:v:66:y:2006:i:02:p:417-432_00
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    Cited by:

    1. Calomiris, Charles W. & Mason, Joseph R. & Wheelock, David C., 2011. "Did Doubling Reserve Requirements Cause the Recession of 1937-1938? A Microeconomic Approach," Working Papers 11-03, University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School, Weiss Center.
    2. Gabriel P. Mathy, 2014. "Uncertainty Shocks and Equity Return Jumps and Volatility During the Great Depression," Working Papers 2014-02, American University, Department of Economics.
    3. Nada Mora, 2014. "Reason for Reserve? Reserve Requirements and Credit," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 46(2-3), pages 469-501, March.
    4. Velibor Milošević, 2014. "Use and Limitations of the Reserve Requirement Policy in Montenegro," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 3(2), pages 5-20.
    5. Gabriel P. Mathy & Matthew Jaremski, 2016. "How Was the Quantitative Easing Program of the 1930s Unwound?," Working Papers 2016-01, American University, Department of Economics.
    6. George S. Tavlas, 2016. "New Perspectives on the Great Depression: A Review Essay," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 353-374, December.

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