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Tipo de juez y estimación de los casos de despido: un análisis de los Juzgados de lo Social en España

Author

Listed:
  • Ángel L. Martín Román

    (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Jurídicas y de la Comunicación, Universidad de Valladolid, Segovia, España)

  • Alfonso Moral de Blas

    (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Jurídicas y de la Comunicación, Universidad de Valladolid, Segovia, España)

  • Marta Martínez Matute

    (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Jurídicas y de la Comunicación, Universidad de Valladolid, Segovia, España)

Abstract

El objetivo de este artículo es profundizar en la relación existente entre las decisiones judiciales de lo social en España en los casos de despido y los costes asociados a la extinción de los contratos laborales. Primero justificamos que los cambios en la probabilidad de que un juez falle a favor de un trabajador afectan a los costes de despido del empleador. En segundo lugar, examinamos cómo difiere dicha probabilidad cuando el juez es titular o sustituto. Se observa una mayor dispersión en la resolución de los casos de los jueces sustitutos, y un significativo repunte en los años de crisis económica de los fallos judiciales a favor del trabajador al considerar los jueces titulares, siendo este más débil en los casos de los sustitutos.

Suggested Citation

  • Ángel L. Martín Román & Alfonso Moral de Blas & Marta Martínez Matute, 2013. "Tipo de juez y estimación de los casos de despido: un análisis de los Juzgados de lo Social en España," Cuadernos de Economía - Spanish Journal of Economics and Finance, Asociación Cuadernos de Economía, vol. 36(102), pages 142-154, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:cud:journl:v:36:y:2013:i:102:p:142-154
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:kap:ejlwec:v:45:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s10657-018-9576-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Juan F. Jimeno & Marta Martínez-Matute & Juan S. Mora-Sanguinetti, 2015. "Employment protection legislation and labor court activity in Spain," Working Papers 1507, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    3. Martín-Román, Ángel & Moral, Alfonso & Martínez-Matute, Marta, 2015. "Peer effects in judicial decisions: Evidence from Spanish labour courts," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 20-37.
    4. Miguel Á. Malo & Ángel Martín-Román & Alfonso Moral, 2018. "“Peer effects” or “quasi-peer effects” in Spanish labour court rulings," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 45(3), pages 497-525, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Employment protection. Endogenous labour productivity. Job destruction.;

    JEL classification:

    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law
    • K41 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Litigation Process

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