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Los ingresos de Colombia producto de la exportación de drogas ilícitas

Author

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  • Roberto Steiner

Abstract

“El propósito de este documento es estimar una serie anual de los ingresos percibidos por Colombia por concepto de la exportación de drogas psicoactivas ilícitas. Para ello se utiliza la última información disponible. El trabajo consiste de dos secciones. En la primera, que se divide en cuatro sub-secciones, se hace un repaso de la literatura sobre el particular. Como primera medida se presentan algunos estimativos sobre la economía de las drogas en Colombia los cuales, no obstante su escaso rigor metodológico. En la segunda sub-sección se resumen los principales estimativos sobre la economía de las drogas efectuados por economistas colombianos. En la tercera se hace un recuento de algunos estudios sobre el impacto de la cocaína en las economías de Bolivia y Perú, en la cuarta se referencian documentos acerca del consumo de cocaína en países desarrollados. En la segunda parte del trabajo se presentan nuevos estimativos respecto de los ingresos que residentes colombianos reciben por participar en el negocio de las drogas ilícitas (DI). Por razones que se discuten más adelante, el grueso de la atención se centra en el caso de la cocaína. No es propósito del presente trabajo estudiar el impacto económico del narcotráfico. Un esfuerzo en ese sentido requiere no sólo de la medición del valor de las exportaciones de narcóticos sino también la consideración de los efectos del narcotráfico sobre el resto de actividades económicas. Tampoco se pretende medir las utilidades obtenidas y acumuladas por los narcotraficantes. El concepto que se busca aproximar es el del valor agregado por la actividad de las DI a la economía colombiana. En este trabajo se estima el ingreso de divisas apropiado por residentes colombianos.”

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Steiner, 1996. "Los ingresos de Colombia producto de la exportación de drogas ilícitas," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:013552
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/2193
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rasul Shams, 1992. "The drugs economy and anti-drug policy in developing countries," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer;ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics;Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), vol. 27(3), pages 139-144, May.
    2. David Whynes, 1991. "Illicit Drug Production and Supply‐side Drugs Policy in Asia and South America," Development and Change, International Institute of Social Studies, vol. 22(3), pages 475-496, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paola Pena & Joaquin A. Urrego & Juan M. Villa, 2015. "Civil Conflict and Antipoverty Programmes: Effects on Demobilisation," Documentos de Trabajo de Valor Público 12748, Universidad EAFIT.
    2. Roberto Steiner, 1997. "El posible destino de los ingresos del narcotráfico," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, March.
    3. Jesus Otero, 2001. "Coffee export booms and monetary disequilibrium: some evidence for Colombia," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(2), pages 267-276.
    4. Bernal Humberto, 2020. "Demand and Supply in the Cocaine Market: An Empirical Study," Journal of Globalization and Development, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-34, June.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economía del Narcotráfico; Economía Subterránea; Cocaína; Drogas de Uso Indebido; Narcotráfico; Ingresos; Exportación de Narcóticos; Heroína; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • P37 - Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Legal
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • H27 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Other Sources of Revenue

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