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Las exportaciones industriales de Colombia: estructura tecnológica, diversificación y sofisticación


  • Danilo Torres


  • Enrique Gilles



En este documento se realiza una caracterización de las exportaciones industriales colombianas en el periodo 1990-2010, comparando la clasificación convencional de las exportaciones (tradicionales y no tradicionales) con la de los contenidos tecnológicos de Sanjaya Lall (2000) y resaltando las ventajas de esta última. Así mismo, se analizan la sofisticación y la diversificación de las exportaciones. Los resultados sugieren que en los primeros años del nuevo milenio se dio un leve proceso de diversificación de las exportaciones basado en bienes industriales, y que algunos de los bienes exportados presentaron niveles medios y altos de sofisticación. Sin embargo, este proceso se ve amenazado por el auge reciente de las exportaciones primarias.

Suggested Citation

  • Danilo Torres & Enrique Gilles, 2012. "Las exportaciones industriales de Colombia: estructura tecnológica, diversificación y sofisticación," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA -FCE - CID, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:010248

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    Cited by:

    1. Herrera-Echeverri, Hernán & Geleilate, Jose Galli & Gaitan-Riaño, Sandra & Haar, Jerry & Soto-Echeverry, Nidia, 2016. "Export behavior and board independence in Colombian family firms: The reverse causality relationship," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(6), pages 2018-2029.
    2. Enrique Gilles, 2015. "Una medición del valor agregado generado por las exportaciones colombianas," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO EAN 012975, UNIVERSIDAD EAN.

    More about this item


    contenido tecnológico; diversificación y sofisticación de las exportaciones; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation


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