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Union Incidence in the Public and Private Sectors

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  • Chris Robinson

Abstract

Union density in the public sector is approximately twice the level of that in the private sector in both Canada and the United States. Canadian data are particularly useful for analyzing differences between the public and private sectors because of several industries that have a substantial overlap of ownership between sectors. Sectors therefore may be compared while holding the industry constant. Evidence is presented suggesting that union cost factors, as related to the size of the 'plants,' are important in explaining the high density in the public sector. Employee characteristics appear to play no role. The connection between wage differentials and public sector unionism is also addressed.

Suggested Citation

  • Chris Robinson, 1995. "Union Incidence in the Public and Private Sectors," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 1056-1076, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:28:y:1995:i:4b:p:1056-76
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    Cited by:

    1. Céline CARRERE & Marco FUGAZZA & Marcelo OLARREAGA & Frédéric ROBERT-NICOUD, 2014. "Trade in Unemployment," Working Papers P101, FERDI.
    2. Carrère, Céline & Fugazza, Marco & Olarreaga, Marcelo & Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric, 2016. "On the heterogeneous effect of trade on unemployment," CEPR Discussion Papers 11540, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Gonzalo Fernández-de-Córdoba & Javier Pérez & José Torres, 2012. "Public and private sector wages interactions in a general equilibrium model," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 150(1), pages 309-326, January.
    4. Raaj Tiagi, 2010. "Public Sector Wage Premium in Canada: Evidence from Labour Force Survey," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 24(4), pages 456-473, December.
    5. repec:eee:labchp:v:3:y:1999:i:pc:p:3573-3630 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Jean Farès & Terence Yuen, 2003. "Technological Change and the Education Premium in Canada: Sectoral Evidence," Staff Working Papers 03-18, Bank of Canada.
    7. Mueller, Richard E., 1998. "Public-private sector wage differentials in Canada: evidence from quantile regressions," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 229-235, August.
    8. Gregory, Robert G. & Borland, Jeff, 1999. "Recent developments in public sector labor markets," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 53, pages 3573-3630 Elsevier.

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