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Migration du travail qualifie et formation de capital humain dans les pays en developpement : un modele stylise et une revue de la litterature recente

Author

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  • Frederic Docquier
  • Hillel Rapoport

Abstract

Cet article propose un modele stylise permettant d'etudier, dans un cadre analytique unifie, les differents mecanismes par lesquels l'emigration de travailleurs qualifies affecte la formation de capital humain dans les pays en developpement. Pour chacun des canaux envisages -effets de fuite, role des migrations temporaires, incitations liees aux perspectives de migrations, impact des envois de fonds des travailleurs migrants, et effets de reseaux-, nous indiquons les conditions theoriques necessaires a l'obtention d'un effet de long terme positif et presentons l'etat des lieux de la litterature theorique et empirique sur ces questions.

Suggested Citation

  • Frederic Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2005. "Migration du travail qualifie et formation de capital humain dans les pays en developpement : un modele stylise et une revue de la litterature recente," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 104, pages 5-26.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2005-4ta
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    File URL: http://www.cepii.fr/IE/rev104/rev104a.htm
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Fatma MABROUK & Jacob ODUOR & Abebe SHIMELES, 2015. "Remittances and Youth Labor Market Participation in Africa," Cahiers du GREThA 2015-32, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    2. Sami Ben Mim (ERUDITE) & Fatma Mabrouk (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2011. "Remittances and economic growth: what channels of transmission? (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2011-28, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    3. João Ribeiro Butiam Có, 2009. "Teorias e dinâmicas migratórias internacionais: algumas experiências africanas de "brain drain","brain circulation" e "brain gain"," Working Papers wp022009, Socius, Socio-Economics Research Centre at the School of Economics and Management (ISEG) of the Technical University of Lisbon.
    4. Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2007. "L'immigration qualifiée, remède miracle aux problèmes économiques européens ?," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 95-111.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fuite des cerveaux; brain drain; migration; developpement; capital humain;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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