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Der Demographieansatz im kommunalen Finanzausgleich

Author

Listed:
  • David Bauer
  • Xenia Frei

Abstract

Zwischen den einzelnen Gemeinden der Flächenländer entwickelt sich die Bevölkerung teils sehr heterogen. Während die Bevölkerungszahl in einigen Gemeinden zunimmt, geht sie in den meisten Gemeinden zurück. Mit rückläufiger Bevölkerung stehen die Gemeinden vor der Herausforderung, ihre Ausgaben ebenfalls zu reduzieren. Die Anpassung der Ausgaben an eine sinkende Bevölkerungszahl kann jedoch einige Zeit in Anspruch nehmen. Damit finanzielle Engpässe während des Anpassungsprozesses in schrumpfenden Gemeinden vermieden werden, ist im kommunalen Finanzausgleich mancher Länder ein Demographieansatz implementiert. Dadurch wird den Gemeinden ein gewisses Zeitfenster zur Anpassung ihrer Ausgaben eingeräumt. In diesem Artikel wird die ökonomische Rechtfertigung des Demographieansatzes diskutiert. Es wird aufgezeigt, dass der Wissensstand über unvermeidbare Anpassungskosten und gerechtfertigte Anpassungszeiträume nach wie vor gering ist.

Suggested Citation

  • David Bauer & Xenia Frei, 2017. "Der Demographieansatz im kommunalen Finanzausgleich," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 24(01), pages 20-24, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:24:y:2017:i:01:p:20-24
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alexander Eck & Carolin Fritzsche & Jan Kluge & Joachim Ragnitz & Felix Rösel, 2015. "Fiscal Capacity and Determining Structural Characteristics of the Eastern German Laender," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 76.
    2. Alexander Eck & Johannes Steinbrecher & Christian Thater, 2012. "Skaleneffekte in der Bereitstellung des kommunalen Angebotes sächsischer Gemeinden," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 19(03), pages 12-19, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Xenia Frei & Joachim Ragnitz & Felix Rösel, 2018. "Kosten kommunaler Leistungserstellung unter dem Einfluss von demografischem Wandel und Urbanisierung," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 80.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts

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