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Pourquoi les politiques publiques sont-elles si peu suivies d'effets ?. Quelques interrogations

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  • Françoise Milewski

Abstract

The integration of women into the labour market has gone through both upswings and downturns. In view of this ambivalent result, we can question the efficiency of public policies set up to overcome gender inequality and fight gender discrimination. Does a real will exist, and if so why is it so inefficient or so poorly implemented? What forms do individual and collective resistance take? Most of the time, public policies are defined in terms of compensation and correction. But they don?t deal with the actual causes of women?s underemployment resulting from labour market adjustments. It is therefore the definition of the public policies that we need to examine, going beyond a binary view that opposes economic issues, on the one hand, to social, juridical and cultural concerns on the other. JEL classification codes: B54, D63, H53, I38, J08, J16, J71, J78.

Suggested Citation

  • Françoise Milewski, 2010. "Pourquoi les politiques publiques sont-elles si peu suivies d'effets ?. Quelques interrogations," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 291-318.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_114_0291
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Guillaume Allegre & Hélène Périvier, 2005. "Pauvreté et activité : vers quelle équation sociale ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3467, Sciences Po.
    2. Danièle Guillemot & Patrick Pétour & Hélène Zajdela, 2002. "Trappe à chômage ou trappe à pauvreté. Quel est le sort des allocataires du RMI ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, pages 1235-1252.
    3. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 1999. "Prélèvements et transferts sociaux : une analyse descriptive des incitations financières au travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 328(1), pages 3-19.
    4. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender; discrimination; inequality between women and men; labour market; public policy; Welfare State;

    JEL classification:

    • B54 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Feminist Economics
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)

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