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Combattre les inégalités entre les femmes et les hommes. Idées simples, réalités complexes


  • Françoise Milewski


Public policies aimed at promoting gender equality should not be elaborated without making sure that their goals are consistent. Among a number of factors, such policies must crucially take into account labour market conditions and social protection dynamics. This paper deals with the importance of these factors and begins with an overview of European objectives in terms of gender equality. It then offers an analysis of the contrasted trends in the recent evolution of women?s integration in the labour market. It is shown that public policies adopted in the EU and in France reveal inner contradictions that can threaten their efficiency. On the one hand, when the effort to promote gender equality is only a part of the wider effort against social precariousness, the specific cause of woman precariousness can be neglected. On the other hand, when only immediate goals are considered without attending to deep rooted causes, gender inequalities remain untouched. Further debate is thus needed on the issue of gender equality policies? efficiency. JEL classification: D63, I3, J16, J21, J71, J78.

Suggested Citation

  • Françoise Milewski, 2007. "Combattre les inégalités entre les femmes et les hommes. Idées simples, réalités complexes," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 541-558.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_102_0541

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    Cited by:

    1. Nicole Gadrey & Florence Jany-Catrice & Martine Pernod-Lemattre, 2009. "Employés non qualifiés : la catégorie oubliée des politiques d'égalité professionnelle," Post-Print halshs-00818056, HAL.
    2. Françoise Milewski, 2010. "Pourquoi les politiques publiques sont-elles si peu suivies d’effets ?: Quelques interrogations," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqi, Sciences Po.

    More about this item


    inequality; gender; public policies; labour market; welfare state; Europe;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)


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