Combattre les inégalités entre les femmes et les hommes. Idées simples, réalités complexes
Public policies aimed at promoting gender equality should not be elaborated without making sure that their goals are consistent. Among a number of factors, such policies must crucially take into account labour market conditions and social protection dynamics. This paper deals with the importance of these factors and begins with an overview of European objectives in terms of gender equality. It then offers an analysis of the contrasted trends in the recent evolution of women?s integration in the labour market. It is shown that public policies adopted in the EU and in France reveal inner contradictions that can threaten their efficiency. On the one hand, when the effort to promote gender equality is only a part of the wider effort against social precariousness, the specific cause of woman precariousness can be neglected. On the other hand, when only immediate goals are considered without attending to deep rooted causes, gender inequalities remain untouched. Further debate is thus needed on the issue of gender equality policies? efficiency. JEL classification: D63, I3, J16, J21, J71, J78.
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