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La victoire à trois points dans le football a-t-elle rendu les équipes plus offensives ?


  • Richard Duhautois
  • Romain Eyssautier


In the 1990s, the three-point rule was introduced in football associations: 2?points for a victory, 1 point for a draw and 0 point for a loss was replaced with 3?points for a victory, 1 point for a draw and 0 point for a loss.?The aim of this reform was to increase the incentives for teams to play a more offensive game.?We compare the percentage of draws before and after the reform for the French premier league (Ligue?1) and the French cup (Coupe de France).?Using difference-in-differences estimation, we show that the repartition of victories is affected by the reform: the percentage of home victories has decreased and the percentage of guest victories has increased, letting unchanged the percentage of draws. Classification JEL?: Z2, C2, L2.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Duhautois & Romain Eyssautier, 2016. "La victoire à trois points dans le football a-t-elle rendu les équipes plus offensives ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 67(6), pages 1245-1254.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_pr2_0071

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    JEL classification:

    • Z2 - Other Special Topics - - Sports Economics
    • C2 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables
    • L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior


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