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Deux ou trois enfants ?. Influence de la politique familiale et de quelques facteurs sociodémographiques


  • Didier Breton
  • France Prioux


French family policy has always provided specific support to families with three or more children, over the period 1978-1982 in particular. The authors discuss the effectiveness of this policy by comparing fertility at birth order three and above in France and western Europe and by observing changes in the proportion of mothers of two children who have progressed to a third child (parity progression ratio A 2 ) since the 1970s. They show that targeting policy on the third child did indeed influence the frequency of these births, but that this influence is limited and difficult to quantify. The article then focuses on the characteristics associated with the parity progression ratio A 2 . The PPR is most strongly influenced by age at second birth, the length of the interval between the second and third births and nationality. All the other variables examined ? sex of first two children, parents? sibship size, union history, mother?s occupational history, educational attainment and socio-occupational category of each partner ? are significant, even after controlling for structural effects. Recent tendencies, notably the increase in age at second birth, point to an ongoing downward trend in the probability of having a third child.

Suggested Citation

  • Didier Breton & France Prioux, 2005. "Deux ou trois enfants ?. Influence de la politique familiale et de quelques facteurs sociodémographiques," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 60(4), pages 489-522.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:popine:popu_504_0489

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    Cited by:

    1. doctorants Ined, 2015. "Actes de la Journée Doctorale de l’Ined - 2015," Working Papers 219, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
    2. Hippolyte d’ALBIS & Paula E. GOBBI & Angela GREULICH, 2017. "Having a Second Child and Access to Childcare : Evidence from European Countries," JODE - Journal of Demographic Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 83(2), pages 177-210, June.
    3. Angela Greulich & Olivier Thevenon & Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière, 2015. "Securing women's employment: A fertility booster in European countries?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01298946, HAL.
    4. repec:crs:ecosta:es422c is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Mathilde Clément, 2014. "Mieux comprendre les facteurs de risque de pauvreté en conditions de vie en contrôlant les caractéristiques inobservées fixes," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 469(1), pages 37-59.
    6. Clara Champagne & Ariane Pailhé & Anne Solaz, 2015. "Le temps domestique et parental des hommes et des femmes : quels facteurs d'évolutions en 25 ans ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 478(1), pages 209-242.
    7. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-01298862 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Anne Gauthier, 2007. "The impact of family policies on fertility in industrialized countries: a review of the literature," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 26(3), pages 323-346, June.

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