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Shareholder Value: The Case of Japanese Captive Insurers


  • Maeda Yuji

    (Kwansei Gakuin University)

  • Suzawa Yoshihiko

    (Kyoto Sangyo University)

  • Scordis Nicos A

    (St. John’s University)


We examine how a Japanese firm can derive the most value from a captive insurance company. We use actual data on losses, captive operating costs, interest rates and foreign exchange rates to simulate cash flows from a hypothetical pure captive. We examine three domiciles popular with Japanese firms: Bermuda, Hawaii and Guernsey. We find a high likelihood that the captive generates economic value for its Japanese parent firm especially when it operated over multiple years. We find that when the captive reinsures its entire book of business thus acting as a pass-through vehicle to the global reinsurance market, it normally delivers economic value but near to break-even. We also find that the captive can generate high levels of economic value but only by taking on higher levels of operating risk. We find that the value-maximizing strategy is for a Japanese corporation to establish its captive in Bermuda while the risk-minimizing strategy is to establish its captive in Guernsey. We also find that Bermuda would be a better choice than Hawaii for Japanese captives from the viewpoint of risk-return tradeoff.

Suggested Citation

  • Maeda Yuji & Suzawa Yoshihiko & Scordis Nicos A, 2011. "Shareholder Value: The Case of Japanese Captive Insurers," Asia-Pacific Journal of Risk and Insurance, De Gruyter, vol. 5(1), pages 1-24, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:apjrin:v:5:y:2011:i:1:n:3

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ursina B. Meier & J. François Outreville, 2006. "Business cycles in insurance and reinsurance: the case of France, Germany and Switzerland," Journal of Risk Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 7(2), pages 160-176, March.
    2. Adams, Mike & Hillier, David, 2000. "The effect of captive insurer formation on stock returns: An empirical test from the UK," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(11), pages 1787-1807, November.
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