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Deficits and inflation; Are monetary and financial institutions worthy to consider or not?


  • Tahira Ishaq
  • Hassan M. Mohsin


Institutions are important to analyze the relationship between deficits and inflation. This study examines whether deficits are inflationary or not in the presence of dependent central bank and fragile financial markets. A panel dataset has been used for eleven Asian countries from 1981 to 2010. Estimation results from system GMM show that deficits are inflationary for selected sample, while inflationary pressure of budget deficits is particularly stronger when financial markets are not fully developed and central banks are not free to follow their goals and objectives.

Suggested Citation

  • Tahira Ishaq & Hassan M. Mohsin, 2015. "Deficits and inflation; Are monetary and financial institutions worthy to consider or not?," Borsa Istanbul Review, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 15(3), pages 180-191, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bor:bistre:v:15:y:2015:i:3:p:180-191

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    Cited by:

    1. Mehak Moazam & M. Ali Kemal, 2016. "Inflation in Pakistan: Money or Oil Prices," PIDE-Working Papers 2016:144, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    2. Jeeban AMGAIN & Nanda Kumar DHAKAL, 2017. "Public revenue, fiscal deficit and economic growth: Evidence from Asian countries," Journal of Economics and Political Economy, KSP Journals, vol. 4(4), pages 329-342, December.
    3. Eric Girardin & Cheikh A. T. Sall, 2018. "Inflation Dynamics of Franc-Zone Countries Determinants, Co-movements and Spatial Interactions," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 29(2), pages 295-320, April.
    4. Ibrahim Abdulhamid Danlami & Mohamad Helmi Bin Hidthiir & Sallahuddin Hassan, 2019. "Dynamic Analysis of the Effect of Fiscal Deficit on Inflation in Nigeria," Academic Journal of Economic Studies, Faculty of Finance, Banking and Accountancy Bucharest,"Dimitrie Cantemir" Christian University Bucharest, vol. 5(2), pages 159-165, June.
    5. Ehigiamusoe, Kizito Uyi & Lean, Hooi Hooi, 2020. "The role of deficit and debt in financing growth in West Africa," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 216-234.
    6. Clement Olalekan Olaniyi, 2020. "Application of Bootstrap Simulation and Asymmetric Causal Approach to Fiscal Deficit-Inflation Nexus," Global Journal of Emerging Market Economies, Emerging Markets Forum, vol. 12(2), pages 123-140, May.

    More about this item


    Fiscal deficits; Inflation; Institutions; Central bank independence; Financial markets development;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H60 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - General
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General


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