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Leaning into the Wind: A Structural VAR Investigation of UK Monetary Policy


  • Andrew Mountford


This paper adapts Uhlig's ["Journal of Monetary Economics" (2005) forthcoming] sign restriction identification methodology to investigate the effects of UK monetary policy using a structural vector autoregression (VAR). It shows that shocks which can reasonably be described as monetary policy shocks have played only a small role in the total variation of UK monetary and macroeconomic variables. Most of the variation in UK monetary variables has been due to their systematic reaction to other macroeconomic shocks, namely non-monetary aggregate demand, aggregate supply, and oil price shocks. We also find, without imposing any long run identifying restrictions, that aggregate supply shocks have permanent effects on output. Copyright 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew Mountford, 2005. "Leaning into the Wind: A Structural VAR Investigation of UK Monetary Policy," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 67(5), pages 597-621, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:obuest:v:67:y:2005:i:5:p:597-621

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrew Mountford & Harald Uhlig, 2009. "What are the effects of fiscal policy shocks?," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(6), pages 960-992.
    2. Tomas Havranek & Marek Rusnak, 2013. "Transmission Lags of Monetary Policy: A Meta-Analysis," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(4), pages 39-76, December.
    3. Jiranyakul, Komain, 2016. "Identifying the Effects of Monetary Policy Shock on Output and Prices in Thailand," MPRA Paper 75708, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Hugo ROJAS-ROMAGOSA & Luis RIVERA, "undated". "Human Capital Formation and the Linkage between Trade and Poverty: The Cases of Costa Rica and Nicaragua," EcoMod2010 259600142, EcoMod.
    5. Rafiq, M.S. & Mallick, S.K., 2008. "The effect of monetary policy on output in EMU3: A sign restriction approach," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 1756-1791, December.
    6. Elekdag, Selim & Han, Fei, 2015. "What drives credit growth in emerging Asia?," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 1-13.
    7. Giancarlo Corsetti & Luca Dedola & Sylvain Leduc, 2014. "The International Dimension Of Productivity And Demand Shocks In The Us Economy," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 12(1), pages 153-176, February.
    8. Cavallo, Antonella & Ribba, Antonio, 2015. "Common macroeconomic shocks and business cycle fluctuations in Euro area countries," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 377-392.
    9. Antonio Ribba, 2014. "Sources of unemployment fluctuations in the USA and in the Euro Area in the last decade," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(2), pages 681-694.
    10. Forbes, Kristin & Hjortsoe, Ida & Nenova, Tsvetelina, 2015. "The shocks matter: improving our estimates of exchange rate pass-through," Discussion Papers 43, Monetary Policy Committee Unit, Bank of England.
    11. Elena Gerko & Hélène Rey, 2017. "Monetary Policy in the Capitals of Capital," NBER Working Papers 23651, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Renée Fry & Adrian Pagan, 2011. "Sign Restrictions in Structural Vector Autoregressions: A Critical Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 49(4), pages 938-960, December.
    13. Dungey, Mardi & Vehbi, Tugrul, 2015. "The influences of international output shocks from the US and China on ASEAN economies," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 59-71.
    14. Cover, James P. & Mallick, Sushanta K., 2012. "Identifying sources of macroeconomic and exchange rate fluctuations in the UK," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1627-1648.
    15. Cinzia Alcidi, 2009. "The Effect of Equity Market Integration on the Transmission Monetary Policy. Evidence from Australia," IHEID Working Papers 03-2009, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
    16. Vashchelyuk, N.V. & Polbin, Andrey & Trunin, Pavel, 2016. "The Econometric Estimation of the Macroeconomic Effects of the Shock of Monetary Policy for the Russian Economy," Working Papers 2133, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.

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