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Why Do Women Married to Unemployed Men Have Low Participation Rates?

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  • Giannelli, Gianna
  • Micklewright, John

Abstract

Cross-national data show wives of unemployed men to have lower participation rates than wives of employed men. Employment status of husbands may proxy characteristics of wives associated with low participation or incentives for wives may be affected by income-testing of unemployment benefit of husbands. The authors investigate these issues using panel data on German couples covering five years. They first control for unobservables using the conditional logit model with modifications to avoid excessive computational burden that arises in long panels. The authors then estimate discrete-time duration models of the length of the wife's spells of participation and nonparticipation. Copyright 1995 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd

Suggested Citation

  • Giannelli, Gianna & Micklewright, John, 1995. "Why Do Women Married to Unemployed Men Have Low Participation Rates?," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 57(4), pages 471-486, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:obuest:v:57:y:1995:i:4:p:471-86
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    Cited by:

    1. Hoherz, Stefanie, 2014. "Maternity leave in the context of couples: the impact of both partners' characteristics and employment experiences on mothers' re-entry into the labour market," ISER Working Paper Series 2014-15, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    2. Vroman, Wayne, 2002. "Unemployment insurance and unemployment assistance : a comparison," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 24084, The World Bank.
    3. Aedin Doris, 1999. "The Effect of the Means Testing of Venefits on Household Income and the Incentives to Work of the Wives of Unemployed Men," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n870499, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    4. Bardasi, Elena & Gornick, Janet C., 2000. "Women and part-time employment: workers' 'choices' and wage penalties in five industrialized countries," ISER Working Paper Series 2000-11, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    5. Daniela Del Boca & Marilena Locatelli & Silvia Pasqua, 2000. "Employment Decisions of Married Women: Evidence and Explanations," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 14(1), pages 35-52, March.
    6. Prieto-Rodríguez, Juan & Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, César, 2000. "Participation of Married Women in the Labour Market and the 'Added Worker Effect' in Europe," IRISS Working Paper Series 2000-12, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    7. Elena Bardasi, 2000. "Women and Part-Time Employment: Workers "Choices" and Wage Penalties in Five Industrialized Countries," LIS Working papers 223, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    8. Paula Adam, "undated". "Careers or Stop Gap Work? Panel Data Analysis of Wives' Labour Supply Choices in Spain," Working Papers 104, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    9. DUGUET Emmanuel & SIMONNET Veronique, 2004. "The participation of couples in the labor market: an econometric analysis," Labor and Demography 0411005, EconWPA.
    10. Aedin Doris;, 1999. "The Means Testing Of Benefits And The Labour Supply Of The Wives Of Unemployed Men: Results From A Mover-Stayer Model," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n940999, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    11. Aedin Doris, 1999. "The Means Testing of Benefits and the Labour Supply of the wives of Unemployed Men: Results from a Fixed Effects Model," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n930999, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    12. Gustman, Alan L & Steinmeier, Thomas L, 2000. "Retirement in Dual-Career Families: A Structural Model," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 18(3), pages 503-545, July.
    13. Stefanie Hoherz, 2014. "Maternity Leave in the Context of Couples: The Impact of Both Partners' Characteristics and Employment Experiences on Mothers' Re-entry into the Labour Market," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 647, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).

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