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Bank‐led restructuring in Poland (II): bankruptcy and its alternatives


  • Cheryl W. Gray
  • Arnold Holle


Poland's 1993 Enterprise and Bank Restructuring Programme (EBRP) provided for the resolution of problem loans through bank‐led or court‐led workouts, liquidation, or loan sales. This paper examines the workings of three traditional exit processes ‐ court‐led conciliation, bankruptcy, and state enterprise liquidation. Neither bankruptcy nor court conciliation as currently designed gives creditors in Poland enough control over firsm in financial distress. Suggested improvements in design need to be complemented by strong economic policies that give banks and other creditors powerful incentives to use these debt collection mechanisms. The most problematic of the three exit routes is state enterprise liquidation, and although on paper designed for solvent firms, it is often used to get around bankruptcy and keep debtor management in control of assets for as long as possible. Now that the special bank conciliation process has expired as an option, Poland should shift its energies to improving traditional, broadly applicable exit and workout processes.

Suggested Citation

  • Cheryl W. Gray & Arnold Holle, 1997. "Bank‐led restructuring in Poland (II): bankruptcy and its alternatives," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 5(1), pages 25-44, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:etrans:v:5:y:1997:i:1:p:25-44
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0351.1997.tb00002.x

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gray, Cheryl W. & Holle, Arnold, 1996. "Bank-led restructuring in Poland : bankruptcy and its alternatives," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1651, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bonin, John P. & Huang, Yiping, 2001. "Dealing with the bad loans of the Chinese banks," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 197-214.
    2. Zhu, Xiaoquan & Peng, Hongfeng & Zhang, Zijian, 2020. "The nexus of judicial efficiency, social burden and default risk: Cross-country evidence," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    3. Djankov, Simeon, 1998. "Enterprise isolation programs in transition economies : evidence from Romania," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1952, The World Bank.
    4. John P. Bonin & Bozena Leven, 2000. "Can Banks Promote Enterprise Restructuring?: Evidence From a Polish Bank's Experience," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 294, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    5. Clas Wihlborg, 2002. "Insolvency and Debt Recovery Procedures in Economic Development: An Overview of African Law," WIDER Working Paper Series DP2002-27, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    6. Nandini Gupta & John Ham & Jan Svejnar, 2000. "Priorities and Sequencing in Privatization: Theory and Evidence from the Czech Republic," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1580, Econometric Society.
    7. Steinherr, Alfred & Tukel, Ali & Ucer, Murat, 2004. "The Turkish Banking Sector - Challenges And Outlook In Transition To Eu Membership," Economic and Financial Reports 2004/2, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
    8. Ulrich Thießen, 2004. "Financial System Development, Regulation and Economic Growth: Evidence from Russia," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 400, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Alan Bevan & Saul Estrin & Mark E. Schaffer, 1999. "Determinants of Enterprise Performance during Transition," CERT Discussion Papers 9903, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
    10. John Bonin & Bozena Leven, 2001. "Can State-owned Banks Promote Enterprise Restructuring? Evidence from One Polish Bank's Experience," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(4), pages 431-443.

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