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Modeling Agglomeration and Dispersion in City and Country: Gunnar Myrdal, FranÁois Perroux, and the New Economic Geography


  • Stephen J. Meardon


The "new economic geography" is a recent body of literature that seeks to explain how resources and production come to be concentrated spatially for reasons other than the standard "geographic" ones. Unlike alternative explanations of the geographic distribution of industry, the literature is not interdisciplinary. The new economic geography lies well within economics proper: it is an offspring of international trade theory, with models characterized by increasing returns, factor mobility, and transportation costs. The models explain the distribution of industry in terms of the opposition of an agglomerating force, the interaction of transportation costs and increasing returns to scale, with a dispersing force, commonly the interaction of transportation costs and a partially fixed input or output market. Copyright 2001 The American Journal of Economics and Sociology.

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  • Stephen J. Meardon, 2001. "Modeling Agglomeration and Dispersion in City and Country: Gunnar Myrdal, FranÁois Perroux, and the New Economic Geography," American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(1), pages 25-57, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ajecsc:v:60:y:2001:i:1:p:25-57

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Lancaster, Tony, 1979. "Econometric Methods for the Duration of Unemployment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(4), pages 939-956, July.
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    8. William H. Greene, 1997. "FIML Estimation of Sample Selection Models for Count Data," Working Papers 97-02, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
    9. Sunil Sharma, 1987. "Specification Diagnostics for Econometric Models of Duration," UCLA Economics Working Papers 440, UCLA Department of Economics.
    10. Zuehlke, Thomas W, 1987. "Duration Dependence in the Housing Market," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(4), pages 701-704, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kim, Ho Yeon, 2012. "Shrinking population and the urban hierarchy," IDE Discussion Papers 360, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    2. Ron A. Boschma & Koen Frenken, 2006. "Why is economic geography not an evolutionary science? Towards an evolutionary economic geography," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(3), pages 273-302, June.
    3. Ho Yeon KIM & Petra de Jong & Jan Rouwendal & Aleid Brouwer, 2012. "Shrinking population and the urban hierarchy
      [Housing preferences and attribute importance among Dutch older adults: a conjoint choice experiment]
      ," ERSA conference papers ersa12p350, European Regional Science Association.

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