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Estimates and determinants of sexual violence against women in the Democratic Republic of Congo

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  • Peterman, A.
  • Palermo, T.
  • Bredenkamp, C.

Abstract

Objectives: We sought to provide data-based estimates of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and describe risk factors for such violence. Methods: We used nationally representative household survey data from 3436 women selected to answer the domestic violence module who took part in the 2007 DRC Demographic and Health Survey along with population estimates to estimate levels of sexual violence. We used multivariate logistic regression to analyze correlates of sexual violence. Results: Approximately 1.69 to 1.80 million women reported having been raped in their lifetime (with 407397-433785 women reporting having been raped in the preceding 12 months), and approximately 3.07 to 3.37 million women reported experiencing intimate partner sexual violence. Reports of sexual violence were largely independent of individual-level background factors. However, compared with women in Kinshasa, women in Nord-Kivu were significantly more likely to report all types of sexual violence. Conclusions: Not only is sexual violence more generalized than previously thought, but our findings suggest that future policies and programs should focus on abuse within families and eliminate the acceptance of and impunity surrounding sexual violence nationwide while also maintaining and enhancing efforts to stop militias from perpetrating rape.

Suggested Citation

  • Peterman, A. & Palermo, T. & Bredenkamp, C., 2011. "Estimates and determinants of sexual violence against women in the Democratic Republic of Congo," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 101(6), pages 1060-1067.
  • Handle: RePEc:aph:ajpbhl:10.2105/ajph.2010.300070_9
    DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2010.300070
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    Cited by:

    1. Kidman, Rachel & Palermo, Tia & Bertrand, Jane, 2015. "Intimate partner violence, modern contraceptive use and conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 2-10.
    2. Brian C. Thiede & Matthew Hancock & Ahmed Kodouda & James Piazza, 2020. "Exposure to Armed Conflict and Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 57(6), pages 2113-2141, December.
    3. Olivier Dagnelie & Giacomo De Luca & Jean-Francois Maystadt, 2014. "Do girls pay the price of civil war?," Working Papers 66401113, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
    4. van der Windt, Peter & Humphreys, Macartan & Sanchez de la Sierra, Raul, 2018. "Gender quotas in development programming: Null results from a field experiment in Congo," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 326-345.
    5. Dagnelie, Olivier & De Luca, Giacomo & Maystadt, Jean-François, 2014. "Do girls pay the price of civil war? Violence and infant mortality in Congo:," IFPRI discussion papers 1374, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Lauterbach, Claire & Zuckerman, Elaine, 2013. "Assessing the Effectiveness of World Bank Investments: The Gender Dimension," WIDER Working Paper Series 017, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    7. Ragasa, Catherine & Kinwa-Muzinga, Annie & Ulimwengu, John M., 2012. "Gender assessment of the agricultural sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo:," IFPRI discussion papers 1201, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    8. Jerlie Loko Roka & Rafael Van den Bergh & Sokhieng Au & Eva De Plecker & Rony Zachariah & Marcel Manzi & Vincent Lambert & Elias Abi-Aad & Kassi Nanan-N’Zeth & Serge Nzuya & Brigitte Omba & Charly Sha, 2014. "One Size Fits All? Standardised Provision of Care for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict Areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 9(10), pages 1-8, October.
    9. Nancy Glass & Nancy A Perrin & Anjalee Kohli & Mitima Mpanano Remy, 2014. "Livestock/Animal Assets Buffer the Impact of Conflict-Related Traumatic Events on Mental Health Symptoms for Rural Women," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 9(11), pages 1-16, November.
    10. Kohli, Anjalee & Perrin, Nancy & Mpanano, Remy Mitima & Banywesize, Luhazi & Mirindi, Alfred Bacikenge & Banywesize, Jean Heri & Mitima, Clovis Murhula & Binkurhorhwa, Arsène Kajabika & Bufole, Nadine, 2015. "Family and community driven response to intimate partner violence in post-conflict settings," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 276-284.
    11. Claire Lauterbach & Elaine Zuckerman, 2013. "Assessing the Effectiveness of World Bank Investments: the Gender Dimension," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2013-017, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    12. Ziegler, Bianca R. & Kansanga, Moses & Sano, Yuji & Kangmennaang, Joseph & Kpienbaareh, Daniel & Luginaah, Isaac, 2020. "Antenatal care utilization in the fragile and conflict-affected context of the Democratic Republic of the Congo," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 262(C).
    13. Susan M. Akram, 2013. "Millennium Development Goals and the Protection of Displaced and Refugee Women and Girls," Laws, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(3), pages 1-31, September.

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