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Desigualdade de renda na agricultura: o efeito da posse da terra


  • Marlon Gomes Ney


  • Rodolfo Hoffmann



This paper analyses the effects of agricultural income determinants, in particular of human capital and physical capital. One of its purposes is to evaluate the possible overestimation of the effect of education in income equations that do not include any measure of wealth. Besides all the variables usually considered in earnings equations adjusted to the primary sector, we have included the area of the agricultural enterprise (as a proxy for wealth). The results show the enormous effect of area on agricultural income. When this variable is included in the regression, we see a substantial decrease in the influence of education on income determination. Such decrease indicates an overestimation of the education’s effect in studies that do not include an appropriate measure of physical capital.

Suggested Citation

  • Marlon Gomes Ney & Rodolfo Hoffmann, 2003. "Desigualdade de renda na agricultura: o efeito da posse da terra," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 4(1), pages 113-152, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:4:y:2003:i:1:p:113-152

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    Cited by:

    1. Gori Maia, Alexandre & Eusebio, Gabriela S. & Silveira, Rodrigo L. F., 2016. "Impact of microcredit on small-farm agricultural production: evidence from Brazil," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts 235682, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Hoffmann, Rodolfo & Oliveira, Regis Borges de, 2012. "The evolution of income distribution in Brazil: different characteristics of the agricultural sector," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 127673, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

    More about this item


    agriculture; income; human capital; physical capital;

    JEL classification:

    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution


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